Cover image for White slaves, African masters : an anthology of American barbary captivity narratives
Title:
White slaves, African masters : an anthology of American barbary captivity narratives
Author:
Baepler, Paul Michel.
Publication Information:
Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 1999.
Physical Description:
xiii, 310 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Language:
English
Contents:
The glory of goodness / Cotton Mather -- A journal, of the captivity and sufferings of John Foss / John D. Foss -- The captives, eleven years in Algiers / James Leander Cathcart -- History of the captivity and sufferings of Mrs. Maria Martin / Maria Martin -- American captives in Tripoli / Jonathan Cowdery -- Horrors of slavery / William Ray -- The narrative of Robert Adams / Robert Adams -- An authentic narrative / Eliza Bradley -- In Raissuli's hands / Ion H. Perdicaris
Added Author:
ISBN:
9780226034034

9780226034041
Format :
Book

Available:*

Library
Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Status
Central Library HT1345 .W47 1999 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks
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Summary

Summary

Some of the most popular stories in nineteenth-century America were sensational tales of whites captured and enslaved in North Africa. White Slaves, African Masters for the first time gathers together a selection of these Barbary captivity narratives, which significantly influenced early American attitudes toward race, slavery, and nationalism.

Though Barbary privateers began to seize North American colonists as early as 1625, Barbary captivity narratives did not begin to flourish until after the American Revolution. During these years, stories of Barbary captivity forced the U.S. government to pay humiliating tributes to African rulers, stimulated the drive to create the U.S. Navy, and brought on America's first post-revolutionary war. These tales also were used both to justify and to vilify slavery.

The accounts collected here range from the 1798 tale of John Foss, who was ransomed by Thomas Jefferson's administration for tribute totaling a sixth of the annual federal budget, to the story of Ion Perdicaris, whose (probably staged) abduction in Tangier in 1904 prompted Theodore Roosevelt to send warships to Morocco and inspired the 1975 film The Wind and the Lion. Also included is the unusual story of Robert Adams, a light-skinned African American who was abducted by Arabs and used by them to hunt negro slaves; captured by black villagers who presumed he was white; then was sold back to a group of Arabs, from whom he was ransomed by a British diplomat.

Long out of print and never before anthologized, these fascinating tales open an entirely new chapter of early American literary history, and shed new light on the more familiar genres of Indian captivity narrative and American slave narrative.

"Baepler has done American literary and cultural historians a service by collecting these long-out-of-print Barbary captivity narratives . . . . Baepler's excellent introduction and full bibliography of primary and secondary sources greatly enhance our knowledge of this fascinating genre."-- Library Journal


Summary

Some of the most popular stories in nineteenth-century America were sensational tales of whites captured and enslaved in North Africa. White Slaves, African Masters for the first time gathers together a selection of these Barbary captivity narratives, which significantly influenced early American attitudes toward race, slavery, and nationalism.

Though Barbary privateers began to seize North American colonists as early as 1625, Barbary captivity narratives did not begin to flourish until after the American Revolution. During these years, stories of Barbary captivity forced the U.S. government to pay humiliating tributes to African rulers, stimulated the drive to create the U.S. Navy, and brought on America's first post-revolutionary war. These tales also were used both to justify and to vilify slavery.

The accounts collected here range from the 1798 tale of John Foss, who was ransomed by Thomas Jefferson's administration for tribute totaling a sixth of the annual federal budget, to the story of Ion Perdicaris, whose (probably staged) abduction in Tangier in 1904 prompted Theodore Roosevelt to send warships to Morocco and inspired the 1975 film The Wind and the Lion. Also included is the unusual story of Robert Adams, a light-skinned African American who was abducted by Arabs and used by them to hunt negro slaves; captured by black villagers who presumed he was white; then was sold back to a group of Arabs, from whom he was ransomed by a British diplomat.

Long out of print and never before anthologized, these fascinating tales open an entirely new chapter of early American literary history, and shed new light on the more familiar genres of Indian captivity narrative and American slave narrative.

"Baepler has done American literary and cultural historians a service by collecting these long-out-of-print Barbary captivity narratives . . . . Baepler's excellent introduction and full bibliography of primary and secondary sources greatly enhance our knowledge of this fascinating genre."-- Library Journal


Reviews 1

Library Journal Review

Baepler (Univ. of Minnesota) has done American literary and cultural historians a service by collecting these long-out-of-print Barbary captivity narratives. These accounts of persons captured by Morocco and the Barbary regencies of Algiers, Tunis, and Tripoli inform study of the more familiar American slave and Indian captivity narratives. The nine pieces included here (mostly excerpts) span two centuries, from Cotton Mather's "The Glory of Goodness" to Ion Perdicaris's "In Raissuli's Hands," which led to Teddy Roosevelt's launching of warships to Morocco. Most of the works, though, are from 1790 to 1820, when the genre was enormously popular, probably because of the nation's increasing interest in the question of slavery. Baepler's excellent introduction and full bibliography of primary and secondary sources greatly enhance our knowledge of this fascinating genre. Recommended for all collections in American studies.√ĄLouis J. Parascandola, Long Island Univ., Brooklyn, NY (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.


Table of Contents

Introduction
The Glory of GoodnessCotton Mather
A Journal, of the Captivity and Sufferings of John FossJohn D. Foss
The Captives, Eleven Years in AlgiersJames Leander Cathcart
History of the Captivity and Sufferings of Mrs. Maria MartinMaria Martin
American Captives in TripoliJonathan Cowdery
Horrors of Slavery Robert Adams: The Narrative of Robert AdamsWilliam Ray
An Authentic Narrative IonEliza Bradley
In Raissuli's HandsH. Perdicaris
Appendix: Publishing History of the American Barbary Captive Narrative
Introduction
The Glory of GoodnessCotton Mather
A Journal, of the Captivity and Sufferings of John Foss JamesJohn D. Foss
The Captives, Eleven Years in AlgiersLeander Cathcart
History of the Captivity and Sufferings of Mrs. Maria MartinMaria Martin
American Captives in TripoliJonathan Cowdery
Horrors of SlaveryWilliam Ray
The Narrative of Robert AdamsRobert Adams
An Authentic NarrativeEliza Bradley
In Raissuli's HandsIon H. Perdicaris
Appendix: Publishing History of the American Barbary Captive Narrative

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