Cover image for Red power : the American Indians' fight for freedom.
Red power : the American Indians' fight for freedom.
Josephy, Alvin M., 1915-2005.
Second edition / edited by Alvin M. Josephy, Jr., Joane Nagel, and Troy Johnson.
Publication Information:
Lincoln : University of Nebraska Press, [1999]

Physical Description:
xii, 300 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Red power protest -- Self-determination and tribal sovereignty -- Economic development and land claims -- Education -- Spiritual and cultural renewal -- Rebuilding Native American lives and communities.

Format :


Call Number
Material Type
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Item Holds
E93 .J67 1999 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area

On Order



Red Power is a classic documentary history of the American Indian activist movement. This landmark second edition considerably expands and updates the original, illustrating the development of American Indian political activism from the 1960s through the end of the twentieth century. Included in the fifty selections are influential statements by Indian organizations and congressional committees, the texts of significant laws, and the articulate voices of individuals such as Clyde Warrior, Vine Deloria Jr., Dennis Banks, Wilma Mankiller, Ada Deer, and Russell Means. The selections are organized around key issues: the nature of the original Red Power protest; tribal identity, self-determination, and sovereignty; land claims and economic development; cultural traditions and spirituality; education; and reservation conditions.

Author Notes

Alvin M. Josephy Jr. was the founding chairman of the board of the National Museum of the American Indian. His many books include Five Hundred Nations: An Illustrated History of North American Indians . Joane Nagel is chair of the sociology department at the University of Kansas and the author or editor of several books, including American Indian Ethnic Renewal: Red Power and the Resurgence of Identity and Culture . Troy Johnson is an associate professor of American Indian studies and history at California State University, Long Beach, and the author of several books, including The Occupation of Alcatraz Island: Indian Self-Determination and the Rise of Indian Activism.

Reviews 1

Library Journal Review

The original 1971 edition of Red Power was a classic documentary history of the American Indian activist movement. Included in this expanded and updated version are speeches by American Indian leaders, among them Vine Deloria Jr., Dennis Banks, Russell Means, Wilma Mankiller, Clyde Warrior, and Ada Deer. Topics such as tribal identity and sovereignty, land claims and economic development, cultural traditions and spirituality, education, and social conditions are covered in six chapters; where the original text had 26 selections, the second edition has 50. An introduction to each selection provides context for the growing Native American demand for self-determination. President Nixon's watershed Indian Affairs Message of 1970 suggests that such demands were beginning to receive official recognition and support. Editor Josephy (Five Hundred Nations, Knopf, 1998) was the founding chair of the National Museum of the American Indian. This new edition will be useful for students who want to examine contemporary and historical Native American points of view.ÄVicki Leslie Toy Smith, Univ. of Nevada, Reno (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.

Table of Contents

1 Red Power ProtestDeclaration of Indian Purpose, 1961
"We Are Not Free," 1967 American Indian Warriors: Fishing Rights and the Vietnam War, 1968 and 1973
This Country Was a Lot Better Off When the Indians Were Running It, 1970
The Occupation of Alcatraz Island, 1969
The Twenty-Point Proposal of Native Americans on the Trail of Broken Treaties, 1972
Demands of the Independent Oglala Nation, 1973
Women of All Red Nations, 1974
The Longest Walk, 1978
The Activist Legacy of Red Power
References and Further Reading
2 Self-Determination and Tribal SovereigntyIndian Self-Government, 1949
Indian Statement on Policy and Legislation, 1967
The American Indian and the Bureau of Indian Affairs, 1969
"We Speak as Indians," 1969
Message to Congress on Indian Affairs, 1970
Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act, 1975
Indian Child Welfare Act, 1978
Statement on Indian Policy, 1983
Statement of Ada E. Deer before the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs, 1993
References and Further Reading
3 Economic Development and Land ClaimsAmerican Indian Capital Conference on Poverty, 1964
Return of the Blue Lake to the Taos Pueblos, 1970
Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act, 1971
Launching the Tribes into a New Millennium, 1975
United States v. Sioux Nation of Indians, 1980
Nuclear Waste Policy Act, 1983
California v. Cabazon Band of Mission Indians, 1987
Indian Gaming Regulatory Act, 1988
References and Further Reading
4 Education Rough Rock Demonstration and Community Schools, 1965-
Navajo Community College Dine College, 1968-
Indian Education: A National Tragedy and Challenge, 1969
Big Rock School, 1969
Deganawide-Quetzalcoatl University (D-QU), 1971-
Tribally Controlled Community College Assistance Act, 1978
Native American Languages Act, 1990
American Indian Tribal Colleges and Universities, 1996
References and Further Reading
5 Spiritual and Cultural RenewalAmerican Indian Religious Freedom Act, 1978
Archaeological Resources Protection Act, 1979
The Black Hills and Camp Yellow Thunder, 1981-1987
Lyng v. Northwest Indian Cemetery Protective Association, 1988
The National Museum of the American Indian Act, 1989
Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act, 1990
Indian Arts and Crafts Act, 1990
American Indian Religious Freedom Act Amendments, 1994
References and Further Reading
6 Rebuilding Native American Lives and CommunitiesAmerican Indian Population Trends, 1960-1990
Report on Urban and Rural Non-Reservation Indians, 1976
Definition of Indian: Tribal Membership, 1977
Petitioners for Federal Acknowledgement, 1978-1997
An Open Letter to the Governor of Georgia, 1993
Statement of Ethnic Fraud, 1993
Federal Indian Identification Policy American Indian Population Projections, 1980-2080
References and Further Reading