Cover image for Method in ancient philosophy
Title:
Method in ancient philosophy
Author:
Gentzler, Jyl.
Publication Information:
Oxford : Clarendon Press ; Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 1998.
Physical Description:
viii, 398 pages ; 24 cm
General Note:
Based on papers read at a conference on ancient method at Amherst College, April 1994.
Language:
English
Reading Level:
1480 Lexile.
Added Author:
ISBN:
9780198235712
Format :
Book

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Material Type
Home Location
Status
Central Library B177 .M47 1998 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks
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Summary

Summary

Method in Ancient Philosophy brings together fifteen new, specially written essays by leading scholars on a broad subject of central importance. It is characteristic of human beings that they direct their activities by reasoning. Methods of reasoning, even toward the same ends, vary.Self-conscious reflection on the methods of reasoning marks the beginning of philosophy in the West; examination of how the ancient Greeks reasoned, and how they thought about methods of reasoning, helps us to see how they came to hold the views they did, and how we have come to think as we do. Forthe views of the ancients have had a considerable influence upon our own assumptions about the demarcations between different kinds of enquiry and the sorts of methods that are appropriate for them. The aims of the volume are thus both exegetical and philosophical. Most of the essays focus onSocrates, Plato, or Aristotle, but earlier and later ancient philosophy is brought into the picture by essays on Eleatic and Epicurean thought.


Author Notes

Jyl Gentzler is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Amherst College, Massachusetts.


Reviews 1

Choice Review

These fifteen essays, occasioned by a conference at Amherst College in 1994, deal with the methods and goals of reasoning and the criteria for assessing it, which is to say, with the practice, theory, and justification of philosophy. Most concern Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, but some are about the Eleatics and the Epicureans. Of special interest are A.A. Long on Plato's presentation of Socrates in the Theaetetus, Lesley Brown on the "battle of gods and giants" in the Sophist, and Constance Meinwald on limit and the limitless in the Philebus; C.D.C. Reeve on Aristotle's treatment of dialectic, Charlotte Witt on his teleology, and Sarah Broadie on his account of practical and theoretical wisdom; also worth noting is G.E.R. Lloyd on method in Greek and Chinese mathematics and medicine. Footnotes, indexes of names and passages quoted, though no general bibliography. A strong collection, highly recommended along with the ongoing "Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy" and "Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy" series, perhaps also Gregory Vlastos, Socrates, Ironist and Moral Philosopher (CH, Nov'91) and Charles Kahn, Plato and the Socratic Dialogue (CH, Sept'91). General readers; upper-division undergraduates and graduate students; researchers and faculty. M. Andic; University of Massachusetts at Boston


Table of Contents

Preface
1 Eleatic ArgumentsPatricia Curd
2 Common Sense and Socratic MethodT. H. Irwin
3 Platonism and the Study of NatureIan Mueller
4 Plato's Discovery of Metaphysics: The New Methodos of the PhaedoRobert Bolton
5 Plato's Apologies and Socrates in the TheaetetusA. A. Long
6 Burnyeat on Plato's Refutation of ProtagorasGail Fine
7 Prometheus Bounds: Peras and Apeiron in Plato's PhilebusConstance C. Meinwald
8 Innovation and Continuity: The Battle of Gods versus Giants, Sophist 245-249Lesley Brown
9 Aristotle and the Uses of LogicGisela Striker
10 Dialectic and Philosophy in AristotleC. D. C. Reeve
11 Teleology in Aristotelian Science and MetaphysicsCharlotte Witt
12 Aristotle on Method and Moral EducationRichard Kraut
13 Beginnings and Ends of Aristotelian DeliberationSarah Broadie
14 Epicurean Inferences: The Evidence of Philodemus's De SignisJames Allen
15 Techniques and Dialectic: Method in Greek and Chinese Mathematics and MedicineG.E.R. Lloyd

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