Cover image for Historical dictionary of the Holocaust
Historical dictionary of the Holocaust
Fischel, Jack.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Lanham, Md. : Scarecrow Press, [1999]

Physical Description:
xlv, 321 pages ; 23 cm.
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
D804.25 .F57 1999 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks-Non circulating

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The term Holocaust came into popular usage following the conclusion of WWII. The word was at first associated with Nazi Germany "s murder of six million Jews. Gradually, the expression was broadened to include the millions of others who were also victims of the Nazis. Nevertheless, the Jews were designated in a special category for the Nazis. The intention of this historical dictionary is not to belittle the death and suffering of Nazi Germany "s non-Jewish victims, but to focus on the unprecedented nature of the German assault on the Jews. Its purpose, therefore, is to provide the reader with the facts of the Holocaust with an emphasis on the central role Jews played in the Nazi genocide. The introductory essay provides the reader with an historical overview of the Holocaust, and is followed by individual entries on the subject arranged alphabetically. The historical dictionary is intended for the non-specialist with some background in history. However, it will also be of use as an accessible reference tool for more advanced research. Extensive introduction, comprehensive bibliography, and a chronology further supplement the usefulness of this volume.

Author Notes

Jack R. Fischel has many years experience as a teacher, lecturer, writer, editor, and organizer of conferences relating to the Holocaust. Much of this time has intersected with his time as a professor of History at Millersville University.

Reviews 3

Booklist Review

By a noted expert in the field of Holocaust studies, this is number 10 in the publisher's Historical Dictionaries of War, Revolution and Civil Unrest series.

Library Journal Review

This second expanded and updated edition from Fischel (history, emeritus, Millersville Univ.; humanities, visiting, Messiah Coll.) offers an updated chronology, an introductory essay, and over 400 cross-referenced entries. A useful and accessible work, the volume provides a concise presentation of the concepts, individuals (both Jewish and non-Jewish), and events that occurred in, impacted, and were impacted by the Holocaust. Written for nonspecialists, the narrative introduction provides a historic context for the materials and information presented in the alphabetically arranged entries. Whether accessed for brief information or as a jumping-off point for further research, it will impart knowledge from a wide range of areas related to the Holocaust. The bibliography itself makes this work worthwhile for a scholarly or research collection, presenting materials organized into 40 different types and topics. High school students and advanced middle-school students will also benefit from the brief yet informative entries presented in an approachable manner. BOTTOM LINE This work is beneficial to any collection needing concise coverage of all aspects of the Holocaust that otherwise might only be found in large, scholarly works.-Sara Rofofsky Marcus, Queensborough Community Coll., Bayside, NY (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.

Choice Review

Fischel's important work will guide readers through the maze of names, places, acronyms, events and concepts that made up the horrifying world of the Holocaust. A number of useful secondary features include a detailed chronology and an interesting 29-page introduction to the Holocaust. The dictionary proper provides a wide choice of topics with numerous see and see also references printed in boldface. The entries range in length from a few lines to several pages, and the bibliography is detailed and up-to-date. The book lacks a comprehensive index to concatenate the enormous amount of data, and there are a number of historical errors (e.g., Horthy halted deportations from Hungary on July 7th, not the 9th; the Auschwitz Report reached Jewish organizations in Switzerland and the US representative in May, 1944, not June; with regard to benign Japanese policy toward Jews, there was never a "Fugu Plan"; the Shanghai ghetto was never intended for anyone but Jewish refugees; Japanese hostilities toward China began in 1937, but the Japanese did not occupy much of China until after the war in the Pacific began on December 7, 1941; the article "Musy Operation" omits the key figure, Recha Sternbuch, the Swiss woman who convinced fascist Musy to negotiate with his friend Himmler on behalf of the Jews). Despite these and other minor errors, this work is highly recommended for all libraries. D. Kranzler; Queensborough Community College, CUNY