Cover image for Controversial concordats : the Vatican's relations with Napoleon, Mussolini, and Hitler
Controversial concordats : the Vatican's relations with Napoleon, Mussolini, and Hitler
Coppa, Frank J.
Publication Information:
Washington, D.C. : Catholic University of America Press, [1999]

Physical Description:
viii, 248 pages ; 23 cm
General Note:
Expanded versions of papers presented at the Twenty-seventh Annual Meeting of the Duquesne University Forum, held in Oct. 1993, in Pittsburgh.
Added Author:
Added Uniform Title:
Concordato fra la S. Sede e l'Italia (1929 February 11)

Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
BX1791 .C65 1999 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks

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This is a survey of the relationship of the Roman Catholic Church with three dictatorial figures in the 19th and 20th centuries: Napoleon, Mussolini and Hitler. The essays reveal that the papacy not only played a key role in determining church-state relations in particular countries, but also greatly influenced the general course of international relations and modern history from the era of the French Revolution to the age of dictators and World War II. This volume examines the concordats signed by Pope Pius VII and his Secretary of State, Consalvi, with Napoleonic France in 1801; the concordat concluded by Pius XI and Cardinal Gasparri with Fascist Italy in 1929; and that signed by Pius XI and Cardinal Pacelli with the Third Reich in 1933. In addition to tracing the evolution of these crucial agreements, the contributors assess their consequences at home and abroad, their impact on the universal Church and the Catholic faith, and their effects on European and international developments. A complete bibliography - divided into three parts corresponding to the periods examined - offers an historiographical overview of the sources for each of the agreements. It also provides important references on the broad issue of church-state relations in the 19th and 20th centuries. In addition to the editor, the contributors are: Joseph A. Biesinger, William Roberts, Stewart A. Stehlin and John Zeender.

Author Notes

Frank J. Coppa is professor of history and director of the doctoral program in modern world history at St. John's University, New York.

Table of Contents

John K. ZeenderWilliam RobertsFrank J. CoppaJoseph A. BiesingerStewart A. Stehlin
Prefacep. vii
Introductionp. 1
Napoleon, the Concordat of 1801, and Its Consequencesp. 34
Mussolini and the Concordat of 1929p. 81
The Reich Concordat of 1933: The Church Struggle Against Nazi Germanyp. 120
Three Controversial Concordats: A Commentaryp. 182
Appendix Texts of the Concordatsp. 191
Bibliographyp. 215
Indexp. 245