Cover image for Lodge of the Double-Headed Eagle : two centuries of Scottish Rite Freemasonry in America's Southern Jurisdiction
Lodge of the Double-Headed Eagle : two centuries of Scottish Rite Freemasonry in America's Southern Jurisdiction
Fox, William L., 1953-
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
[Fayetteville] : University of Arkansas Press, 1997.
Physical Description:
xvi, 491 pages, 59 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations, map ; 26 cm
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
HS765 .F69 1997 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks
HS765 .F69 1997 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks

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First formed in Charleston, South Carolina, the Southern Jurisdiction of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite is now the largest and oldest group of Freemasons in the world. Its first institutional history provides a useful window on the influence of the Rite on American middle-class culture and the nation's democratic, civic, and moral values. 1997, 568 pages

Author Notes

William L. Fox is historian-archivist of the Supreme Council in Washington, D.C., and adjunct professor at Howard University School of Divinity

Reviews 1

Choice Review

The Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite continues as a 200-year-old branch of Freemasonry. In this survey of the Scottish Rite's distinctive place in middle-class American culture, Fox demonstrates that the almost even distribution of Catholics, Protestants, and Jews evident among the membership illustrates the Rite's close association with the melting pot that is the US. He traces the development of the Southern Jurisdiction Scottish Rite, geographically the largest Masonic jurisdiction in the world, from its confined origins in Charleston, South Carolina to the present. Essentially, the book serves as an administrative and institutional history of the Southern Jurisdiction, with chapters organized around biographies of its chief executives. Fox is clearly proud of the Scottish Rite's accomplishments; his evidence often seems weighted in favor of those sympathetic to the Masonic movement. The book, however, is not designed as an apology, nor does it serve merely to accommodate those well familiar with the Scottish Rite. Chapters reveal some very good historical writing, and offer abundant information certain to enlighten both those knowledgeable about and those ignorant of the Scottish Rite. General readers will appreciate this study, although the narrow focus may limit its usefulness for most students. S. C. Hyde Southeastern Louisiana University

Table of Contents

Mitchell and Dalcho and AuldHolbrook and McDonald and HonourAlbert PikeBatchelor and Tucker and CaswellJames D. RichardsonGeorge F. MooreJohn H. CowlesHarkins and SmithLuther A. SmithHenry C. ClausenC. Fred Kleinknecht
Forewordp. IX
Prefacep. XI
Chapter I The Scottish Rite's Prehistoryp. 3
Chapter II First Light, 1801-1826p. 25
Chapter III Keepers of the Flame, 1826-1858p. 39
Chapter IV Exodus from Charleston, 1859-1870p. 57
Chapter V The Washingtonian Pike, 1870-1891p. 89
Chapter VI A Fragile Interim, 1891-1900p. 121
Chapter VII New Century, New Age, New Temple, 1900-1914p. 141
Chapter VIII Forerunner of Americanism, 1915-1921p. 171
Chapter IX Prosperity to Depression, 1921-1935p. 201
Chapter X Steel Helmets and Iron Curtains, 1936-1952p. 237
Chapter XI Stretched Nerves, 1950sp. 269
Chapter XII The Moon Above, Perplexity Below, 1959-1969p. 293
Chapter XIII When the Waves Went High, 1969-1985p. 319
Chapter XIV Continuity and Opportunity, 1985 and Forwardp. 347
Chapter XV The Scottish Rite and the American Right, 1990sp. 381
Epiloguep. 411
Notesp. 421
Bibliographical Notep. 475
Indexp. 479