Cover image for Prescriptions for a healthy house : a practical guide for architects, builders, and homeowners
Title:
Prescriptions for a healthy house : a practical guide for architects, builders, and homeowners
Author:
Baker-Laporte, Paula, 1953-
Personal Author:
Edition:
First edition.
Publication Information:
Santa Fe : InWord Press, 1998.
Physical Description:
xvi, 259 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm
Language:
English
ISBN:
9781566903554
Format :
Book

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Library
Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Status
Central Library TH4812 .B35 1998 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks
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Summary

Summary

It has been said that we shape our buildings, and then our buildings shape us. When considering the fact that average Americans spend 90% or more of their lives indoors, the significance of this statement becomes apparent. In the current era of unprecedented technological advancement, it stands to reason that we would use our knowledge to create indoor environments to enhance our health and sense of well-being. Yet this has not been the case.


Author Notes

Paula Baker is an architect and baubiologist
Erica Elliott is a physician trained in both family practice and environmental medicine
John Banta has over a decade of experience in troubleshooting indoor environmental problems


Table of Contents

Warning and Disclaimerp. ix
About the Authorsp. ix
Acknowledgmentsp. x
InWord Pressp. x
Forewordp. xi
Part I Overview
Description of the Problem and Solutionsp. 3
How Much More Will It Cost to Build a Healthy Home?p. 4
Sources of Indoor Pollutionp. 5
Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs)p. 5
Toxic By-products of Combustionp. 7
Pesticidesp. 8
Pesticide Factsp. 10
Case Study: Acute exposure to pesticides with long-term consequencesp. 11
Case Study: Chronic illness from "harmless" pesticidep. 12
Case Study: Chronic illness from repeated low-level exposure to pesticidesp. 13
Electromagnetic Field Pollutionp. 13
Naturally Occurring Pollutantsp. 17
Radioactive Contaminantsp. 17
Heavy Metalsp. 17
Biological Pollutantsp. 17
Case Study: Chronic illness due to acute exposure to virulent mold speciesp. 18
Case Study: Asthma related to mold exposurep. 19
Common Sources of Pollution in Constructionp. 21
Case Study: The relationship between allergies and chemical exposurep. 22
Strategies for Source Reduction of Pollutantsp. 23
Eliminationp. 23
Substitutionp. 24
Prudent Usep. 24
Curingp. 24
Sealingp. 24
Fragrances in the Homep. 24
Case Study: Fragrant fumesp. 25
Regional Differences in Climatep. 26
Endnotesp. 27
Further Reading and Resourcesp. 28
Publicationsp. 28
Nontoxic productsp. 30
Part II Specificationp. 33
Division 1 General Requirementsp. 35
Coordinationp. 35
Special Project Proceduresp. 36
Special Site Procedures to Prevent Insect and Rodent Infestationp. 37
Quality Controlp. 37
Signagep. 39
Case Study: A mishandled spillp. 39
Prohibited Productsp. 40
Product Substitution Procedurep. 41
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs)p. 41
What An MSDS Will Not Tell Youp. 42
How An MSDS Can Be a Useful Toolp. 42
Product Identificationp. 43
Material Identification and Hazardous Componentsp. 44
Physical and Chemical Characteristicsp. 45
Fire and Explosion Hazard Datap. 46
Reactivity Hazard Datap. 46
Health Hazard Datap. 47
Safe Handling Precautions and Leak Proceduresp. 49
Control and Preventive Measuresp. 50
General Cleanupp. 51
Case Study: Toxic fumes from cleaning productsp. 53
Endnotesp. 53
Resource Listp. 54
Further Readingp. 54
Division 2 Site Workp. 55
Site Selectionp. 55
Professional Assistance in Site Selectionp. 56
Phase I Environmental Inspectorp. 57
Geotechnical Consultantp. 57
Septic Engineerp. 57
Water Quality Specialistp. 57
Site Clearingp. 58
Gradingp. 58
Soil Treatmentp. 59
Pavementp. 59
Resources and Further Readingp. 59
Division 3 Concretep. 61
Practices To Be Avoidedp. 61
Contaminated Aggregatep. 61
Contaminated Waterp. 61
Toxic Admixturesp. 62
Steel Reinforcementp. 62
Toxic Form Coatingp. 63
Toxic Waste as Fuelp. 63
Preventing Unacceptable Practicesp. 63
Chart 3-1 Resource Listp. 64
Division 4 Masonry or Other Alternatives to Frame Constructionp. 67
Adobep. 67
Cobp. 69
Rammed Earthp. 69
Straw Balep. 69
Straw/clayp. 71
Pumicecretep. 72
Further Readingp. 73
Division 5 Metalsp. 75
Oil Residue on Metalsp. 75
Metals and Conductivityp. 75
Metal Termite Shieldingp. 76
Division 6 Wood and Plasticsp. 77
Use of Sustainably Harvested Woodp. 77
Health Concerns Associated with Wood Frame Constructionp. 78
Wood Selection and Storagep. 79
Wood Treatmentp. 79
Case Study: Pesticide treated lumberp. 80
Wood Adhesivesp. 80
Rough Carpentryp. 81
Sill Platesp. 81
Framingp. 82
Wall Framingp. 82
Roof and Floor Framingp. 82
Sheathingp. 83
Subflooringp. 83
Exterior Sheathingp. 84
Roof Sheathingp. 85
Finish Carpentryp. 86
Cabinetsp. 87
Countertopsp. 88
Case Study: The radioactive countertopp. 88
Chart 6-1 Countertop Comparisonsp. 89
Chart 6-2 Resource Listp. 90
Division 7 Thermal and Moisture Controlp. 93
Dampproofing and Waterproofingp. 93
Thermal Protectionp. 95
Building Insulationp. 95
Insulation in Cavity Walls, Joisted Ceilings and Joisted Crawl Spacesp. 96
Insulation Over Beams and Vigasp. 97
Insulation Around Windows and Doorsp. 97
Air Barrierp. 97
Roofingp. 98
Sloped Roofing Materialsp. 99
Membrane Roofingp. 99
Joint Sealantsp. 100
Radonp. 101
How Radon First Came to the Attention of the U.S. Publicp. 102
Case Study: A radon control retrofitp. 102
Radon Mitigation in New Constructionp. 104
Methods of Radon Mitigationp. 104
Acceptable Barrier Sheeting and Sealers for Radon Controlp. 106
Chart 7-1 Resource Listp. 106
Further Readingp. 109
Division 8 Openingsp. 111
Wood Doorsp. 111
Window and Door Screensp. 112
Windowsp. 112
Wood Window Framesp. 112
Weather Strippingp. 114
Chart 8-1 Resource Listp. 114
Division 9 Finishesp. 117
Case Study: Immune dysfunction related to formaldehyde exposure in the homep. 118
Plaster and Gypsum Boardp. 119
Plasterp. 119
Plaster Finishp. 120
Gypsum Boardp. 121
Tilep. 122
Tile Installationp. 123
Thickset Methodp. 123
Thinset Methodp. 124
Organic Masticsp. 125
Groutsp. 126
Grout Sealersp. 127
Tile Sealersp. 127
Stonep. 128
Case Study: A very hot bedp. 128
Flooringp. 129
Wood Flooringp. 129
Resilient Flooringp. 130
Case Study: Toddler made severely ill by carpetp. 131
EPA Takes a "Stand" on the Carpet Controversyp. 132
Carpetingp. 133
Paints and Coatingsp. 136
Stains and Transparent Finishesp. 137
Clear Vapor Barrier Sealants for Woodp. 138
Endnotesp. 139
Chart 9-1 Resource Listp. 139
Further Reading and Servicesp. 146
Division 10 Specialtiesp. 147
Integrated Pest Managementp. 147
Integrated Pest Management and New Home Constructionp. 147
Chart 10-1 Common Pests and Management Strategiesp. 149
Further Reading and Resourcesp. 150
Booksp. 150
Organizationsp. 151
Productp. 151
Division 11 Equipmentp. 153
Water Treatment Equipmentp. 153
Water Purification in Standard Constructionp. 153
Chart 11-1 Common Contaminants Found in U.S. Water Suppliesp. 155
Types of Water Purification Systemsp. 156
Chart 11-2 Summary of Water Filtration Methodsp. 157
Water Conditioningp. 159
Case Study: Bath water found to be culprit in copper toxicity casep. 160
Residential Equipmentp. 161
Appliances and Magnetic Fieldsp. 161
Appliances and Electric Fieldsp. 163
Appliance Selectionp. 163
Microwave Ovensp. 163
Trash Compactorsp. 164
Refrigerators and Freezersp. 164
Cook Tops, Ovens and Rangesp. 165
Kitchen Ventilationp. 166
Laundry Appliancesp. 166
Central Vacuump. 167
Endnotesp. 167
Further Reading and Resourcesp. 168
Booksp. 168
Resourcesp. 168
Division 12 Furnishingsp. 169
Wood Furniturep. 170
Finishes on Wood Furniturep. 170
Upholsteryp. 171
Window Dressingsp. 171
Shower Curtains and Linersp. 172
Beds and Beddingp. 172
Case Study: The bedroom as sanctuaryp. 173
Chart 12-1 Resource Listp. 175
Further Readingp. 176
Division 13 Special Constructionp. 177
Swimming Poolsp. 177
Case Study: Asthma from chlorinated swimming poolp. 178
Environmental Testingp. 179
Material Testingp. 179
Formaldehyde Testingp. 179
Surface Sampling for Fungusp. 179
Bulk samplingp. 180
Tape samplingp. 180
Culture collectionp. 180
Radioactivityp. 180
Moisture Testingp. 181
Moisture Metersp. 181
Waterproof Testingp. 182
Humidity Metersp. 182
Calcium Chloride Moisture Testingp. 182
Energy Efficiency and Air Flow Testingp. 183
Blower Doorsp. 183
Theatrical Fog Machinep. 183
Radon Testingp. 184
Radon Soil Testingp. 184
Testing for Chemical Fumesp. 185
Chart 13-1 Resource Listp. 186
Division 14 Conveying Systemsp. 189
Division 15 Mechanicalp. 191
Water Supply and Wastep. 191
Floor Drainsp. 192
Plumbing Penetrationsp. 192
Backflow Protectionp. 192
Residential Heating and Coolingp. 192
Reduction of Heating and Cooling Loads
Through Design Strategiesp. 193
Healthier Heating and Coolingp. 195
Choice of Fuel Sourcep. 195
Mechanical Room Heating Optionsp. 195
Heating and Cooling Appliancesp. 195
Heating and Cooling Optionsp. 196
Hydronic Heatingp. 196
Forced Airp. 197
Case Study: A constant supply of warm dustp. 197
Forced Air Ductworkp. 198
Combined Heating and Cooling Systemsp. 200
Cooling Systemsp. 200
Chart 15-1 Heating and Cooling Systems Summaryp. 202
Ventilationp. 204
Chart 15-2 Residential Ventilation Strategiesp. 205
Air Filtrationp. 206
Chart 15-3 Residential Filtration Strategiesp. 207
Chart 15-4 Resource Listp. 209
Further Readingp. 210
Division 16 Electricalp. 211
Chart 16-1 Electric fields versus magnetic fieldsp. 211
Magnetic Fieldsp. 212
Basic Home Wiring and Net Currentp. 212
Case Study: Magnetic field caused by wiring errorsp. 213
Discussionp. 213
Magnetic Fields from Three- and Four-Way Switchesp. 214
Dimmer Switchesp. 215
Magnetic Fields in Panels and Subpanelsp. 215
Case Study: Magnetic fieldsp. 216
Dielectric Unionsp. 216
Magnetic Fields Entering the Home from an Outside Sourcep. 217
Case Study: Net current in utilitiesp. 218
Measuring Magnetic Fieldsp. 218
Chart 16-2 Gaussmetersp. 219
Electric Fieldsp. 219
Wiring to Reduce Electric Fieldsp. 219
Case Study: Electric fields and insomniap. 221
Shielding Electrical Fields Emitted from Refrigeratorsp. 222
Residential Lightingp. 223
Smoke Detectorsp. 223
Chart 16-3 Resource Listp. 224
Endnotep. 225
Further Readingp. 225
Appendix Ap. 227
Multiple Chemical Sensitivity or Environmental Illnessp. 227
Author Testimonials on MCSp. 230
Paula Bakerp. 230
Erica Elliottp. 231
John Bantap. 232
Appendix B. Page References to Brand Name Products and Servicesp. 235
Appendix C. Manufacturers, Service Providers, and Catalog Sourcesp. 239
Indexp. 247

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