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Library | Call Number | Material Type | Home Location | Status |
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Central Library | TL782 .S8 2001 | Adult Non-Fiction | Non-Fiction Area-Reference | Searching... |

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### Summary

### Summary

Aerospace Engineering/Mechanical Engineering

The definitive text on rocket propulsion-now completely revised to reflect rapid advancements in the field

For more than fifty years, this seminal text has been regarded as the single most authoritative sourcebook on rocket propulsion technology. More comprehensive and coherently organized than any other book on the subject, Rocket Propulsion Elements guides readers evenhandedly through the complex factors that shape propulsion, with both theory and practical design considerations.

With more than a third of the text and illustrations either completely new or extensively revised, this latest edition includes current information on engine structures, nozzle theory, gas properties, thrust chambers, launch vehicles, and more. With a detailed table of contents breaking down each chapter into subsections-as well as an expanded index of key words-the Seventh Edition efficiently steers readers quickly to the information they need. Other highlights include:

* Separate chapters on liquid, solid, and hybrid propulsion systems and a new chapter on thrust chambers including the new aerospike nozzle

* Comprehensive coverage of rocket propulsion technology, with applications to space flight, satellite flight, and guided and unguided missiles

* Problem-solving examples and exercises relevant to actual design situations

* More than 340 illustrations, including photographs, tables, and graphs

* Coherent, up-to-date chapter on electrical propulsion balancing fundamentals with practical aspects and applications

For professional engineers in the aerospace and defense industries as well as undergraduate and graduate students in mechanical and aerospace engineering, this time-honored resource is indispensable for its scope of coverage and utility.

### Author Notes

Oscar Biblarz is a Professor in the Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics at the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California.

### Table of Contents

Preface | p. xi |

1 Classification | p. 1 |

1.1. Duct Jet Propulsion | p. 2 |

1.2. Rocket Propulsion | p. 4 |

1.3. Applications of Rocket Propulsion | p. 15 |

References | p. 25 |

2 Definitions and Fundamentals | p. 27 |

2.1. Definition | p. 27 |

2.2. Thrust | p. 32 |

2.3. Exhaust Velocity | p. 34 |

2.4. Energy and Efficiencies | p. 36 |

2.5. Typical Performance Values | p. 39 |

Problems | p. 41 |

Symbols | p. 43 |

References | p. 44 |

3 Nozzle Theory and Thermodynamic Relations | p. 45 |

3.1. Ideal Rocket | p. 46 |

3.2. Summary of Thermodynamic Relations | p. 47 |

3.3. Isentropic Flow through Nozzles | p. 52 |

3.4. Nozzle Configurations | p. 75 |

3.5. Real Nozzles | p. 85 |

3.6. Four Performance Parameters | p. 92 |

3.7. Nozzle Alignment | p. 94 |

3.8. Variable Thrust | p. 96 |

Problems | p. 97 |

Symbols | p. 99 |

References | p. 100 |

4 Flight Performance | p. 102 |

4.1. Gravity-Free Drag-Free Space Flight | p. 102 |

4.2. Forces Acting on a Vehicle in the Atmosphere | p. 106 |

4.3. Basic Relations of Motion | p. 108 |

4.4. Effect of Propulsion System on Vehicle Performance | p. 115 |

4.5. Space Flight | p. 117 |

4.6. Flight Maneuvers | p. 132 |

4.7. Flight Vehicles | p. 139 |

4.8. Military Missiles | p. 149 |

4.9. Aerodynamic Effect of Exhaust Plumes | p. 152 |

4.10. Flight Stability | p. 153 |

Problems | p. 154 |

Symbols | p. 157 |

References | p. 159 |

5 Chemical Rocket Propellant Performance Analysis | p. 160 |

5.1. Background and Fundamentals | p. 161 |

5.2. Analysis of Chamber or Motor Case Conditions | p. 169 |

5.3. Analysis of Nozzle Expansion Processes | p. 172 |

5.4. Computer Analysis | p. 179 |

5.5. Results of Thermochemical Calculations | p. 180 |

Problems | p. 189 |

Symbols | p. 193 |

References | p. 195 |

6 Liquid Propellant Rocket Engine Fundamentals | p. 197 |

6.1. Propellants | p. 201 |

6.2. Propellant Feed Systems | p. 203 |

6.3. Gas Pressure Feed Systems | p. 205 |

6.4. Propellant Tanks | p. 211 |

6.5. Tank Pressurization | p. 218 |

6.6. Turbopump Feed Systems and Engine Cycles | p. 221 |

6.7. Flow and Pressure Balance | p. 227 |

6.8. Rocket Engines for Maneuvering, Orbit Adjustments, or Attitude Control | p. 228 |

6.9. Valves and Pipe Lines | p. 232 |

6.10. Engine Support Structure | p. 235 |

Problems | p. 236 |

Symbols | p. 238 |

References | p. 239 |

7 Liquid Propellants | p. 241 |

7.1. Propellant Properties | p. 242 |

7.2. Liquid Oxidizers | p. 251 |

7.3. Liquid Fuels | p. 255 |

7.4. Liquid Monopropellants | p. 259 |

7.5. Gelled Propellants | p. 261 |

7.6. Gaseous Propellants | p. 263 |

7.7. Safety and Environmental Concerns | p. 264 |

Problems | p. 265 |

Symbols | p. 266 |

References | p. 266 |

8 Thrust Chambers | p. 268 |

8.1. Injectors | p. 271 |

8.2. Combustion Chamber and Nozzle | p. 282 |

8.3. Heat Transfer Analysis | p. 308 |

8.4. Starting and Ignition | p. 320 |

8.5. Variable Thrust | p. 323 |

8.6. Sample Thrust Chamber Design Analysis | p. 324 |

Problems | p. 335 |

Symbols | p. 338 |

References | p. 340 |

9 Combustion of Liquid Propellants | p. 342 |

9.1. Combustion Process | p. 343 |

9.2. Analysis and Simulation | p. 346 |

9.3. Combustion Instability | p. 348 |

Problems | p. 360 |

References | p. 360 |

10 Turbopumps, Engine Design, Engine Controls, Calibration, Integration, and Optimization | p. 362 |

10.1. Turbopumps | p. 362 |

10.2. Performance of Complete or Multiple Rocket Propulsion Systems | p. 384 |

10.3. Propellant Budget | p. 387 |

10.4. Engine Design | p. 389 |

10.5. Engine Controls | p. 396 |

10.6. Engine System Calibration | p. 405 |

10.7. System Integration and Engine Optimization | p. 411 |

Problems | p. 413 |

Symbols | p. 413 |

References | p. 415 |

11 Solid Propellant Rocket Fundamentals | p. 417 |

11.1. Propellant Burning Rate | p. 419 |

11.2. Basic Performance Relations | p. 437 |

11.3. Propellant Grain and Grain Configuration | p. 444 |

11.4. Propellant Grain Stress and Strain | p. 453 |

11.5. Attitude Control and Side Maneuvers with Solid Propellant Rocket Motors | p. 466 |

Problems | p. 467 |

Symbols | p. 470 |

References | p. 471 |

12 Solid Propellants | p. 474 |

12.1. Classification | p. 474 |

12.2. Propellant Characteristics | p. 480 |

12.3. Hazards | p. 487 |

12.4. Propellant Ingredients | p. 494 |

12.5. Other Propellant Categories | p. 505 |

12.6. Liners, Insulators, and Inhibitors | p. 509 |

12.7. Propellant Processing and Manufacture | p. 511 |

Problems | p. 515 |

References | p. 518 |

13 Combustion of Solid Propellants | p. 520 |

13.1. Physical and Chemical Processes | p. 520 |

13.2. Ignition Process | p. 524 |

13.3. Extinction or Thrust Termination | p. 526 |

13.4. Combustion Instability | p. 528 |

Problems | p. 537 |

References | p. 537 |

14 Solid Rocket Components and Motor Design | p. 540 |

14.1. Motor Case | p. 540 |

14.2. Nozzle | p. 550 |

14.3. Igniter Hardware | p. 563 |

14.4. Rocket Motor Design Approach | p. 568 |

Problems | p. 575 |

References | p. 577 |

15 Hybrid Propellant Rockets | p. 579 |

15.1. Applications and Propellants | p. 580 |

15.2. Performance Analysis and Grain Configuration | p. 585 |

15.3. Design Example | p. 593 |

15.4. Combustion Instability | p. 599 |

Symbols | p. 604 |

References | p. 606 |

16 Thrust Vector Control | p. 608 |

16.1. TVC Mechanisms with a Single Nozzle | p. 609 |

16.2. TVC with Multiple Thrust Chambers or Nozzles | p. 620 |

16.3. Testing | p. 621 |

16.4. Integration with Vehicle | p. 621 |

References | p. 623 |

17 Selection of Rocket Propulsion Systems | p. 624 |

17.1. Selection Process | p. 625 |

17.2. Criteria for Selection | p. 630 |

17.3. Interfaces | p. 634 |

References | p. 638 |

18 Rocket Exhaust Plumes | p. 639 |

18.1. Plume Appearance and Flow Behavior | p. 641 |

18.2. Plume Effects | p. 652 |

18.3. Analysis and Mathematical Simulation | p. 657 |

Problems | p. 658 |

References | p. 658 |

19 Electric Propulsion | p. 660 |

19.1. Ideal Flight Performance | p. 666 |

19.2. Electrothermal Thrusters | p. 670 |

19.3. Non-Thermal Electric Thrusters | p. 677 |

19.4. Optimum Flight Performance | p. 696 |

19.5. Mission Applications | p. 700 |

19.6. Electric Space-Power Supplies and Power-Conditioning Systems | p. 701 |

Problems | p. 706 |

Symbols | p. 707 |

References | p. 709 |

20 Rocket Testing | p. 711 |

20.1. Types of Tests | p. 711 |

20.2. Test Facilities and Safeguards | p. 713 |

20.3. Instrumentation and Data Management | p. 720 |

20.4. Flight Testing | p. 724 |

20.5. Postaccident Procedures | p. 725 |

References | p. 726 |

Appendix 1 Conversion Factors and Constants | p. 727 |

Appendix 2 Properties of the Earth's Standard Atmosphere | p. 730 |

Appendix 3 Summary of Key Equations for Ideal Chemical Rockets | p. 731 |

Appendix 4 Derivation of Hybrid Fuel Regression Rate Equation in Chapter 15 | p. 733 |

Appendix 5 Alternative Interpretations of Boundary Layer Blowing Coefficient in Chapter 15 | p. 737 |

Index | p. 739 |