Cover image for American women in science : 1950 to the present : a biographical dictionary
American women in science : 1950 to the present : a biographical dictionary
Bailey, Martha J.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Santa Barbara, CA : ABC-CLIO, [1998]

Physical Description:
xxxiii, 455 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
Q141 .B254 1998 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks-Oversize

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This fascinating biographical dictionary surveys the American women who have made significant contributions to major fields of scientific endeavor since 1950.

* Biographical entries of female scientific figures from Jane Brody and Helen Mary Caldicott to Shirley Ann Jackson and Judith Kimble

* All entries are indexed by profession, name, and subject

* Bibliographic references and illustrations

Author Notes

Martha J. Bailey is life sciences librarian at Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN.

Reviews 4

Booklist Review

One of the titles included in our recent "Lives in Science" feature [RBB D 1 98] was ABC-CLIO's American Women in Science: A Biographical Dictionary (1994), covering women who began their careers before 1950. This companion volume profiles more than 300 women who have made significant contributions since 1950, including Jane Brody, Joycelyn Elders, and Shannon Lucid.

Library Journal Review

In this follow-up volume to her American Women in Science, Colonial Times to 1950 (LJ 9/1/94), Bailey has limited her coverage to women born in or after 1920 or who started work after 1950, who are members of the National Academy of Sciences or Engineering, or who were recipients of a major award such as the Lasker or the Garvan. Most worked primarily in the United States but need not have been born here and are engaged in professions represented by the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) or National Academy of Education (NAE) disciplinary categories. Bailey also includes individuals who made significant scientific contributions in nontraditional ways or "are considered by the general public to be a scientist." The distribution by profession is pretty uneven, and the categorization of professions is a little odd (e.g., biophysics, botany, cancer, chemistry, climatology, computers, immunology, information technology, inventor, law, linguistics, management consultant), but Bailey points out in the introduction that women faced strong discrimination even into the late 1970s and often had career choices dictated to them. This theme is reflected in the biographical sketches, many of which detail the barriers that had to be overcome during the course of the subject's career. More than 300 women are included in this volume; profiles include full name, dates of birth and death, profession, education, and employment history and, generally, marital status along with a one-page sketch and citing references. Roughly half of the names Bailey includes here would be found in the major sources she investigated, e.g., American Men and Women of Science; the strength of this book is in bringing these women together so you don't need to consult a half-dozen references. Recommended for academic and public libraries.‘Hilary Burton, Lawrence Livermore National Lab., Livermore, CA (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.

School Library Journal Review

Gr 7 Up-A companion volume to the author's American Women in Science (ABC-CLIO, 1994), which covers scientists in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Here, the 449 one- to two-page entries focus on individuals, mostly in the United States, who were born in 1920 or after and/or started their careers after 1950. The fields of engineering, physics, anthropology, medicine, computer science, psychology, and chemistry are the best represented. Among the people portrayed are Martine Kempf, a computer scientist who invented a voice-recognition microcomputer that enables persons with disabilities to drive cars, and Sharon Rose Matola, a conservationist who founded and directs the Belize Zoo in Central America. Fifty-two of the women are pictured in black-and-white photos, and Bailey notes where photographs of the others may be found. A bibliography appears at the end of each entry and at the end of the volume. The alphabetical list of names and the list by profession are helpful. An accurate, well-written, and useful resource.-P. A. Dolan, Illinois State University, Normal (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.

Choice Review

Bailey (also a writer on library middle management) continues the well-received first volume of this set (CH, Dec'94). Here, the time focus moves from the first half of the 20th century to the second, with liberal inclusion of tangential fields (e.g., anthropology, economics, psychology, sociology). The physical, biological, medical, environmental, mathematical, and applied sciences are well represented. An introductory essay on the status and progress of women in science since WW II precedes the 304 biographies of women in 78 professions. Entries are one to two pages in length; 52 include photographs. In the text, scientific terms receive parenthetical definitions. Written for general readers as well as undergraduates, Bailey's book may be most appropriate for history of science and women's studies students. A sturdy book with appealing typography, its price is competitive with other biographical titles. Recommended. T. R. Zogg; University of Minnesota--Duluth