Cover image for The indigenous people of the Caribbean
Title:
The indigenous people of the Caribbean
Author:
Wilson, Samuel M.
Publication Information:
Gainesville : University Press of Florida, [1997]

©1997
Physical Description:
xiv, 253 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm.
General Note:
"Organized by the Virgin Islands Humanities Council."
Language:
English
Contents:
1. Introduction to the study of the indigenous people of the Caribbean / Samuel M. Wilson -- pt. 1. Background to the archaeology and ethnohistory of the Caribbean: The study of aboriginal peoples: multiple ways of knowing / Ricardo Alegría. The Lesser Antilles before Columbus / Louis Allaire -- pt. 2. The encounter: The biological impacts of 1492 / Richard L. Cunningham. The Salt River, St. Croix, at the time of the encounter / Birgit Faber Morse. European views of the aboriginal population / Alissandra Cummins -- pt. 3. The first migration of village farmers, 500 B.C. to A.D. 800: Settlement strategies in the early Ceramic Age / Jay B. Haviser. The ceramics, art, and material culture of the early Ceramic Period in the Caribbean Islands / Elizabeth Righter. Religious beliefs of the Saladoid people / Miguel Rodríguez. Maritime trade in the prehistoric eastern Caribbean / David R. Watters. Notes on ancient Caribbean art and mythology / Henry Petitjean Roget -- pt. 4. The Taino of the Greater Antilles on the eve of conquest: "No man [or woman] is an island": Elements of Taino social organization / William F. Keegan. Taino, Island Carib, and prehistoric Amerindian economies in the West Indies: tropical forest adaptations to island environments / James B. Petersen. The material culture of the Taino Indians / Ignacio Olazagasti. The Taino cosmos / José R. Oliver. Some observations on the Taino language / Arnold R. Highfield. The Taino vision: a study in the exchange of misunderstanding / Henry Petitjean Roget -- pt. 5. The Island Caribs of the Lesser Antilles: The Caribs of the Lesser Antilles / Louis Allaire. Language and gender among the Kalingo of fifteenth-century St. Croix / Vincent O. Cooper

-- pt. 6. Indigenous resistance and survival: The Garifuna of Central America / Nancie L. Gonzalez. The legacy of the indigenous people of the Caribbean / Samuel M. Wilson. Five hundred years of indigenous resistance / Garnette Joseph.
Reading Level:
1360 Lexile.
Added Author:
Added Corporate Author:
ISBN:
9780813015316
Format :
Book

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Summary

Summary

"A survey of the current state of study of indigenous Caribbean people by archaeologists, historians, and anthropologists. . . . Emphasizes that even though indigenous people were the victims of genocide, they helped to establish a persistent pattern of relations between other Caribbean settlers and their environment, and became central symbols of Caribbean identity and resistance to colonialism. . . . Strongly recommended for every library concerned with Caribbean and native American studies."-- Choice

"An excellent introduction to native peoples of the Caribbean region. . . . Will be useful to anthropologists, historians, and other social scientists working in the Caribbean."--Jerald T. Milanich, Florida Museum of Natural History

This volume brings together nineteen Caribbean specialists to produce the first general introduction to the indigenous peoples of that region. Writing for both general and academic audiences, contributors provide an authoritative, up-to-date picture of these fascinating peoples--their social organization, religion, language, lifeways, and contribution to the culture of their modern descendants--in what is ultimately a comprehensive reader on Caribbean archaeology, ethnohistory, and ethnology.

CONTENTS
1. Introduction, Samuel M. Wilson
Part 1: Background to the Archaeology and Ethnohistory of the Caribbean
2. The Study of Aboriginal Peoples: Multiple Ways of Knowing, Ricardo Alegr#65533;a
3. The Lesser Antilles Before Columbus, Louis Allaire
Part 2: The Encounter
4. The Biological Impacts of 1492, Richard L. Cunningham
5. The Salt River Site, St. Croix, at the Time of the Encounter, Birgit Faber Morse
6. European Views of the Aboriginal Population, Alissandra Cummins
Part 3: The First Migration of Village Farmers, 500 B.C. to A.D. 800
7. Settlement Strategies in the Early Ceramic Age, Jay B. Haviser
8. The Ceramics, Art, and Material Culture of the Early Ceramic Period in the Caribbean Islands, Elizabeth Righter
9. Religious Beliefs of the Saladoid People, Miguel Rodr#65533;guez
10. Maritime Trade in the Prehistoric Eastern Caribbean, David R. Watters
11. Notes on Ancient Caribbean Art and Mythology, Henry Petitjean Roget
Part 4: The Taino of the Greater Antilles on the Eve of Conquest
12. "No Man (or Woman) Is an Island": Elements of Taino Social Organization, William F. Keegan
13. Taino, Island Carib, and Prehistoric Amerindian Economies in the West Indies: Tropical Forest Adaptations to Island Environments, James B. Petersen
14. The Material Culture of the Taino Indians, Ignacio Olazagasti
15. The Taino Cosmos, Jos#65533; R. Oliver
16. Some Observations on the Taino Language, Arnold R. Highfield
17. The Taino Vision: A Study in the Exchange of Misunderstanding, Henry Petitjean Roget
Part 5: The Island Caribs of the Lesser Antilles
18. The Caribs of the Lesser Antilles, Louis Allaire
19. Language and Gender among the Kalinago of 15th Century St. Croix, Vincent O. Cooper
Part 6: Indigenous Resistance and Survival
20. The Garifuna of Central America, Nancie L. Gonzalez
21. The Legacy of the Indigenous People of the Caribbean, Samuel M. Wilson
22. Five Hundred Years of Indigenous Resistance, Garnette Joseph

Samuel M. Wilson is associate professor of anthropology at the University of Texas, Austin. He is author of Hispaniola: Caribbean Chiefdoms in the Age of Columbus (1990), coeditor of Ethnohistory and Archaeology: Approaches to Postcontact Change in the Americas (1993), and a contributing editor and columnist for Natural History magazine.


Reviews 1

Choice Review

Consisting of an introduction and 21 essays by 19 contributors, this collection amounts to a survey of the current state of study of indigenous Caribbean people by archaeologists, historians, and anthropologists. Archaeologists analyze the earliest migrations and settlements from about 2,000 BCE and show how the remains of material culture provide a basis for reconstruction of the Taino people's trade and economy, art, mythology, and religion, settlement strategies, and social organization. Other sections focus on the Caribs of the Lesser Antilles, the nature of the impact of European invasions after 1492, and the resistance and survival of indigenous people. Taino and Carib languages, crops, and technology contributed to the settlement of Europeans and Africans. The editor emphasizes that even though indigenous people were the victims of genocide, they helped to establish a persistent pattern of relations between other Caribbean settlers and their environment, and became central symbols of Caribbean identity and resistance to colonialism. Though inevitably varying in style and quality, these essays are generally good. This important collection complements Irving Rouse's The Tainos (CH, Nov'92). Illustrations; useful bibliography. Strongly recommended for every library concerned with Caribbean and Native American studies. General readers; upper-division undergraduates and above. O. N. Bolland; Colgate University


Table of Contents

Forewordp. xi
Prefacep. xiii
1 Introduction to the Study of the Indigenous People of the Caribbeanp. 8
Part 1 Background to the Archaeology and Ethnohistory of the Caribbeanp. 9
2 The Study of Aboriginal Peoples: Multiple Ways of Knowingp. 11
3 The Lesser Antilles Before Columbusp. 20
Part 2 the Encounterp. 29
4 The Biological Impacts of 1492p. 31
5 The Salt River Site, St. Croix, at the Time of the Encounterp. 36
6 European Views of the Aboriginal Populationp. 46
Part 3 the First Migration of Village Farmers, 500 B.C. to A.D. 800p. 57
7 Settlement Strategies in the Early Ceramic Agep. 59
Summaryp. 68
9 Religious Beliefs of the Saladoid Peoplep. 80
10 Maritime Trade in the Prehistoric Eastern Caribbeanp. 88
11 Notes on Ancient Caribbean Art and Mythologyp. 100
Part 4 the Taino of the Greater Antilles on the Eve of Conquestp. 109
12 "No Man [or Woman] Is an Island": Elements of Taino Social Organizationp. 111
13 Taino, Island Carib, and Prehistoric Amerindian Economies in the West Indies: Tropical Forest Adaptations to Island Environmentsp. 118
14 The Material Culture of the Taino Indiansp. 131
15 The Taino Cosmosp. 140
Notesp. 153
16 Some Observations on the Taino Languagep. 168
17 The Taino Vision: A Study in the Exchange of Misunderstandingp. 169
Part 5 the Island Caribs of the Lesser Antillesp. 177
18 The Caribs of the Lesser Antillesp. 179
19 Language and Gender Among the Kalinago of Fifteenth-Century St. Croixp. 186
Part 6 Indigenous Resistance and Survivalp. 197
20 The Garifuna of Central Americap. 199
21 The Legacy of the Indigenous People of the Caribbeanp. 206
22 Five Hundred Years of Indigenous Resistancep. 214
Works Citedp. 223
Contributorsp. 249
Indexp. 251

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