Cover image for Tajikistan : the trials of independence
Tajikistan : the trials of independence
Djalili, Mohammad Reza.
Uniform Title:
Tadjikistan à l'épreuve de l'indépendance. English.
Publication Information:
New York : St. Martin's Press, 1997.
Physical Description:
xiii, 248 pages : illustrations, maps ; 23 cm
Tajikistan and Afghanistan : the ethnic groups on either side of the border / Premises for the construction of a Tajik national identity, 1920-1930 / Perestroika as seen by some Tajik historians / Political parties and forces in Tajikistan, 1989-1993 / Civil War in Tajikistan, 1992-1993 / Some reflections on Russian involvement in the Tajik conflict, 1992-1993 / Regional ambitions and interests in Tajikistan : the role of Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran / Is the conflict in Tajikistan a model for conflicts throughout central Asia? / Russian army and the war in Tajikistan / Tajik conflict : problems of regulation / International concern for Tajikistan : UN and OSCE efforts to promote peace-building and democratisation / International Committee of the Red Cross and the conflict in Tajikistan / Human rights situation in Tajikistan, 1992-1993
Geographic Term:
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
DK928.85 .T3313 1997 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area

On Order



Thirteen essays take as their central theme the conflict which erupted in 1992 and resulted in civil war and intervention by the Russians and the Uzbeks. Issues discussed include the dynamics that govern ethnic relations; the political processes by which Tajik identity was formed in the early Sovie

Reviews 1

Choice Review

This volume focuses on political developments in Tajikistan, the only predominantly Persian-speaking Central Asian republic, which declared its independence in 1991. The authors question whether Tajikistan has the capacity to become a viable state and conclude that it is doubtful, since the country encompasses 19 different ethnic groups. As the contributors determine, it is not just ethnic divisions but divisions among the Tajiks themselves, especially the Garmis (central), Kulyabis (south-central), and Khojentis (north), that represent the greatest challenge to nation/state building. After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 these three major groups organized themselves around the large Kolkhozes in the fertile valleys in a mad scramble for land that further "territorialized" their conflict. In Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan Communist Party apparatchiks managed to remain in control of the state apparatuses, but in Tajikistan ethnic and local interests immediately predominated. This situation also made the conflict highly ideological, with an emphasis on Islam (especially among the Garmis) that further weakened the ability of Tajiks to appeal to Tajik nationalism as a legitimizing ideology for nation building. This is the best book on Tajikistan to appear in English since its independence. The translation from French is lucid and clear. Recommended for all university, college, and large city libraries. R. W. Olson; University of Kentucky