Cover image for The Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict : causes and implications
The Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict : causes and implications
Croissant, Michael P., 1971-
Publication Information:
Westport, Conn. : Praeger, 1998.
Physical Description:
xiv, 172 pages : maps ; 25 cm
Format :


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DK699.N34 C76 1998 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks-Non circulating

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Of all the violent disputes that have flared across the former Soviet Union since the late 1980s, the Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict is the only one to pose a genuine threat to peace and security throughout Eurasia. By right of its strategic location and oil resources, the Transcaucasus has been and will continue to be a source of interest for external powers competing to advance their geopolitical influence in the region. Under such conditions, the possibility will remain for the Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict to reignite and expand to include other powers.

The ten-year conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan has been one of the bloodiest and most intractable disputes to emerge from the breakup of the Soviet Union. Animosity that developed between the Armenians and Azeris under czarist Russian rule was fueled by the rise of a dispute over Nagorno-Karabakh, a mountainous region for which both peoples feel an intense nationalistic affinity. The attachment of the region to Azerbaijan by Stalin in 1923 became a source of deep resentment for the Armenians, and during the rule of Gorbachev, a campaign was begun to achieve the peaceful unification of Armenia and Karabakh. Azerbaijan resisted the move as a threat to its territorial integrity, and clashes that broke out soon escalated into a full-scale war that outlived the USSR itself.

Although a cease-fire has been observed since May, 1994, a peaceful settlement to the conflict has been elusive. Meanwhile, by right of both the strategic location and resources and the unique security characteristics of the Transcaucasus, major external powers--Russia, Turkey, and Iran--have sought to influence the dispute according to their geopolitical interests. With the growth of interest in the oil riches of the Caspian Sea and the increasing engagement of Western countries, including the United States, the risks and implications of renewed violence between Armenia and Azerbaijan will grow. This major study will be of interest to students, scholars, and policymakers involved with international relations, military affairs, and the Transcaucasus.

Author Notes

MICHAEL P. CROISSANT is an Earhart Fellow in the Department of Central Eurasian Studies at Indiana University. He has published numerous articles on the southern former Soviet republics in Strategic Review , Eurasian Studies , National Security Studies Quarterly , Comparative Strategy , and other journals.

Reviews 1

Choice Review

This solid, well-researched volume appears to be a reworked doctoral dissertation. Croissant (Indiana Univ.) presents important historical background information without which the present struggle between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh cannot be understood. The reader will immediately see parallels to the situation in Kosovo, as rival nationalities claim the same territory to be their "historic heartland." The Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict also poses a threat to peace and security in Eurasia because its strategic location and oil resources attract the influence of external powers who compete to secure their geopolitical influence in the region. Croissant seems to favor the Armenian position but is careful with the facts. This book concentrates on events in the 1988 to 1994 period. The author's writing style is somewhat ponderous. Recommended for graduate research libraries only. R. Marlay; Arkansas State University

Table of Contents

Historical Origins of the Armenia-Azerbaijan Conflict
The Armenia-Azerbaijan Conflict, 1988-1991
Changing Regional Dynamics in the Post-Soviet Period
The Armenia-Azerbaijan Conflict, 1992-1994
The Armenia-Azerbaijan Conflict Since 1994
Future Prospects and Conclusions
Selected Bibliography