Cover image for Windows NT server 4 for dummies
Windows NT server 4 for dummies
Tittel, Ed.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Foster City, CA : IDG Books Worldwide, [1999]

Physical Description:
xxiv, 404 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
General Note:
Includes index.
Title Subject:
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
QA76.77.O63 T5773 1999 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks

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Become the master of your own domain -- and your Windows NT Server 4 network -- with the practical, plain-English advice and insider tricks you'll discover inside Windows NT Server 4 For Dummies. This unbeatable sourcebook delivers all the information you need to set up and maintain an NT network for a big company, a small business, and anything in between.

Windows NT Server 4 For Dummies takes you straight to the heart of the NT Server environment and covers everything from installation to optimization. Install and configure Windows NT Server 4 software quickly and painlessly; situate servers, hubs, and other important hardware; make the necessary cable and interface connections that enable computers to communicate with each other; and mix and match network topologies to suit your own unique needs. Manage users, groups, shares, and backups in a networked environment, troubleshoot your systems when things go bad, and mediate hardware conflicts with the smart advice that authors Ed Tittel, Mary Madden, and James Michael Stewart bring to your aid.

Author Notes

Ed Tittel is a prolific writer with over twenty computer books and numerous magazine articles to his name, including IDG Books' Networking With NetWare For Dummies, 4th Edition, and HTML 4 For Dummies.
Mary Madden is a full-time writer and consultant with several books to her name, including Windows NT Networking For Dummies.
James Michael Stewart is a prolific writer who has contributed to numerous IDG books.

Table of Contents

Introductionp. 1
About This Bookp. 1
How to Use This Bookp. 2
Foolish Assumptionsp. 3
How This Book Is Organizedp. 3
Part I Getting Grounded in Networking Basicsp. 3
Part II Putting Your Hardware in Placep. 4
Part III Revving Up Your Serverp. 4
Part IV Managing Your Networkp. 4
Part V Troubleshooting Network Snafusp. 5
Part VI The Part Of Tensp. 5
Icons Used in This Bookp. 5
Where to Go from Herep. 6
Part I Getting Grounded in Networking Basicsp. 7
Chapter 1 Demystifying Network Mumbo-Jumbop. 9
What's a Network?p. 9
Hardware makes connections possiblep. 10
Networks need software, too!p. 11
Touring a Network's Facilitiesp. 12
A computer on every desktopp. 13
I'll be your serverp. 13
The ties that bind a network togetherp. 14
How Can You Tell That the Network's Working?p. 15
Asking for services isn't asking for favorsp. 15
What services are available?p. 16
It's All about Sharing Resourcesp. 17
Trends in Windows Networkingp. 17
Chapter 2 Understanding Client/Server Networksp. 19
Clients Ask for Servicesp. 19
Servers Provide Servicesp. 21
A Client/Server Interchangep. 22
Native Network Clientsp. 24
Built-in Networking versus Add-onsp. 26
Showing Off Your Network Component Collectionsp. 27
Pondering the mysteries of the Microsoft Networkp. 28
Noodling on the Novell Networkp. 29
Access Permissions and Controlsp. 32
Common (and Uncommon) NT-based Network Servicesp. 32
Chapter 3 Matters of Protocolp. 35
How Computers Talk to Each Otherp. 35
Do what I mean, not what I sayp. 36
According to Protocolp. 38
Geese come in gaggles, protocols come in suitesp. 38
A protocol's work is never donep. 40
The Protocol Post Officep. 41
The Dance of the Seven Layersp. 43
Common Windows NT Protocols (And More)p. 46
DLC: Golden oldiep. 47
IPX/SPX: The original NetWare Protocolsp. 48
NetBIOS/NetBEUI: The original Microsoft protocolsp. 48
TCP/IP: The Internet suitep. 49
Other protocol faces in the galleryp. 50
Hybrid Vigor: When Mixing Protocols Makes Sensep. 51
What's What on Your Server?p. 52
Chapter 4 My Kingdom for a Topology!p. 53
Seeing a Topology for What It Really Isp. 54
A star is bornp. 54
Another one rides the busp. 55
Ring around the network!p. 56
Brand X Basicsp. 57
Introducing the contestantsp. 58
Into the Ethernetp. 59
Ethernet's strengths and weaknessesp. 59
All the flavors of Ethernetp. 61
Getting down to businessp. 61
Let's talk token ringp. 62
Strengths and weaknesses of token ringp. 63
Many flavors of token ringp. 63
Getting down to businessp. 64
Fabulous FDDIp. 64
Strengths and weaknessesp. 65
Getting down to businessp. 66
What other networking technologies are there?p. 66
About Ancillary Equipmentp. 67
Mixing and Matching Network Technologiesp. 69
Part II Putting Your Hardware in Placep. 71
Chapter 5 Designing a Networkp. 73
Analyzing Your Requirementsp. 73
The (Very) Basics of Network Designp. 76
Situating Servers, Hubs, and Other Network Devicesp. 78
Check Your Work as You Gop. 79
Keeping in Touch with Your Organization's Needsp. 80
Mapping Your Networkp. 82
It's more than just a map!p. 82
Formalizing your network mapp. 82
Start at the beginningp. 83
Put it on the mapp. 83
Building a network inventoryp. 83
Keeping up with changesp. 85
Chapter 6 Installing Network Interface Cardsp. 87
What's in a NIC?p. 88
Catching the Bus: ISA, EISA, MCA, or PCI?p. 90
Choosing High-Performance NICsp. 92
Avoid Trouble: Get Off to a Good Startp. 93
Beware the Golden Fingers!p. 95
NIC Configuration Detailsp. 96
NICcus interruptusp. 97
DIPsy doodlesp. 97
Jumping jiminy!p. 98
Defaults, dear Brutusp. 98
Any I/O port in a stormp. 98
Direct access: Setting DMAp. 99
Running the bases: The MemBase settingp. 99
In the Driver's Seatp. 100
Cabling Up to the NICp. 100
Looking for Trouble in All the Right Placesp. 100
Chapter 7 Linkin' Networks, Not Logsp. 103
Find the Happy Network Mediump. 103
Cabling ain't that difficultp. 106
Twisted-pair cable: TP is not a tentp. 106
UTPp. 106
STP: High performance for Token Ring networksp. 108
Coaxial (coax) cablep. 109
10Base2 (Thinnet)p. 110
10Base5 (Thicknet)p. 112
Fiber-optic cablep. 114
A final note about cablingp. 116
Upping the Bandwidth Antep. 117
100 megabit Ethernetp. 117
Gigabit Ethernetp. 118
Network Chiropractic: All about Backbonesp. 120
Many Networks or an Internetwork?p. 121
Linking for the Long Haulp. 121
Chapter 8 If You Build It, They Will Come!p. 123
What All Good Network Clients Needp. 123
The Client for Microsoft Networksp. 124
Doing it for DOSp. 125
Back to Windows 3.x, once more with feelingp. 126
Windows for Workgroups -- when 3.x just isn't enoughp. 126
Windows 95/98 Optionsp. 127
Windows NT rules the roost!p. 129
Making the NetWare Connectionp. 130
Microsoft's client for Novell networksp. 130
Novell's alternative client softwarep. 131
Making Clients Work for a Livingp. 131
De-infesting NICsp. 132
Driving me lazyp. 133
Protocols, schmotocolsp. 133
TCP/IP Settingsp. 134
IPX/SPX Settingsp. 134
When all else failsp. 135
Living with Your Choicesp. 135
Part III Revving Up Your Serverp. 137
Chapter 9 Installing Your Server Softwarep. 139
Upgrade or New Install?p. 139
Checking the listp. 140
Manualsp. 140
Softwarep. 140
Hardwarep. 141
Informationp. 141
What's Under the Hood?p. 143
Installing Windows NT Server, Step-by-Stepp. 145
Preparing the serverp. 145
Starting Windows NT -- DOS-based setupp. 146
Setup's GUI wizard: Gathering info about your computerp. 149
Setup's GUI Wizard: Installing Windows NT Networkingp. 151
Setup's GUI Wizard: Finishing setupp. 155
P.S. Post-Installation Needsp. 157
Windows NT Service Packsp. 157
Emergency Repair Diskp. 158
If Installations Go Southp. 159
About Automated Installationp. 160
Chapter 10 Configuring the Network Hardware (Blech!)p. 161
There's No Plug and Play Here, Man!p. 161
Getting All Your Hardware to Play Nicely Togetherp. 162
Buy smartp. 164
Understand the hardwarep. 164
CD-ROM drivesp. 165
Hard drivesp. 165
Video adapter/monitorp. 167
Memoryp. 168
Understanding the installation process behind the scenesp. 168
Drivers Wanted (How to Find 'em and Grab 'em)p. 169
First, Do It with DOSp. 170
Checking Your Workp. 170
Mediating Hardware Conflictsp. 170
Interrupt requests (IRQs)p. 171
Direct memory access (DMA)p. 172
Base I/O (input/output) addressp. 172
Serial and parallel ports (COM and LPT)p. 173
The Essential Installation Toolkitp. 173
Chapter 11 Printing on the Networkp. 175
Windows NT Has a Print Modelp. 175
Physical print devicesp. 177
Logical print devicesp. 178
Server Side Installationp. 179
Meet the printer folderp. 179
Adding a (networked) printerp. 180
Attaching print devices to serversp. 181
Attaching print devices to print serversp. 182
Attaching networked print devices to print serversp. 183
Attaching print devices to a workstationp. 184
Sharing Printer Accessp. 185
Client-Side Installationp. 186
Managing Windows NT-based Printersp. 186
Preventing Printer Problemsp. 188
Chapter 12 Next on Montel -- IP Addresses and the Nerds Who Love Themp. 191
Name-Calling with TCP/IP and NetBIOSp. 191
NetBIOSnamesp. 192
TCP/IP names and addressesp. 193
An Address for Every Nodep. 196
Of network and host IDsp. 196
Subnetting IP addressesp. 198
Going public: Obtaining Internet-ready IP addressesp. 199
The magic of proxy servers and address translationp. 200
Go Figure: Configuring IP Addresses for Windows NT Serverp. 202
Automating IP Addressing with DHCPp. 204
What's DHCP?p. 204
Is DHCP in your future?p. 206
Some You WINS, Some You Don'tp. 206
Understanding WINSp. 207
WINS serversp. 207
WINS clientsp. 208
DNSp. 208
DNS: No or yes?p. 209
Dealing with Difficultiesp. 209
Enough TCP/IP to Choke a Hippop. 210
Chapter 13 Just Trust Me -- Setting Up Domains and Trustsp. 211
Master of Your Domainp. 212
Understanding domain controllersp. 212
What are domains good for?p. 214
Down and dirty: Primary versus Backup Domain Controllersp. 215
Playing the part: The roles of the PDC and BDCp. 215
Domain controller database limitsp. 216
When Trust Becomes Necessaryp. 217
Interesting trust triviap. 218
Groping for groupthinkp. 218
Creating and using a trust relationshipp. 219
When One Domain Isn't Enoughp. 223
Domain Secrets from the School of Hard Knocksp. 225
Part IV Managing Your Networkp. 227
Chapter 14 Managing Users with the User Managerp. 229
Users Have Propertiesp. 229
Administrators rule!p. 230
Guests can wear out their welcomep. 231
Creating New Usersp. 232
Group membershipsp. 235
Environment profilep. 235
Access hoursp. 236
Logon locationsp. 237
Account expirationp. 237
Dial-in informationp. 237
Copying Usersp. 237
Getting Pushy with Usersp. 238
What about Groups?p. 239
Give Your Users Nice Profilesp. 242
Where You Find Profiles, Policies Are Never Far Awayp. 243
Account policiesp. 244
Users have the rightsp. 245
Auditing for troublep. 247
When Access Problems Loomp. 250
Chapter 15 Managing Shares and Permissionsp. 251
Of Objects, Rights, and Permissionsp. 251
An object lessonp. 252
When is a file NOT an object?p. 253
Users have rights; objects have permissionsp. 253
Of NTFS and Permissionsp. 254
Volume and directory permissionsp. 255
File permissionsp. 257
Special Access Rightsp. 257
Basic permissionsp. 257
Advanced permissionsp. 259
FAT Has No Permissionsp. 260
Share Permissionsp. 260
Calculating Actual Permissionsp. 262
The rules of calculationp. 262
Figure this!p. 263
No Access rears its ugly headp. 263
When No Access doesn't applyp. 264
Undo the Default!p. 265
Chapter 16 Backing Up for a Rainy Dayp. 267
Why Bother Backing Up?p. 267
The Windows NT Built-in Backup Facilityp. 270
Command line backupsp. 271
Scheduling a backupp. 272
Running NTBACKUP in the backgroundp. 273
Third-Party Backup Alternativesp. 274
Understanding the Technologyp. 276
Online, nearline, offlinep. 276
What's in the hardware?p. 277
Backup unitsp. 277
Backup mediap. 278
Softwarep. 278
Getting Back Up from Your Backupp. 279
The Backup Operator: Maven or Mystery?p. 280
Chapter 17 Managing Network Securityp. 281
Just Because You're Paranoid, Doesn't Mean They Aren't Out to Get Youp. 281
Basics of Network Securityp. 282
Physical accessp. 282
User education and a security policyp. 284
How Windows NT Server Handles Securityp. 286
Protecting usernamesp. 286
Password controlsp. 287
Service Packs and Securityp. 289
Security Is an Attitudep. 290
The Everyone groupp. 291
User rightsp. 291
Don't Be Insecure (Common NT Security Holes and How to Fill Them)p. 292
Hidden Admin Sharesp. 292
Decoysp. 293
Broadcasting internal informationp. 293
Last logged on usernamep. 294
Bad Floppy, bad!p. 294
Password crackersp. 294
Eternal Vigilance Is the Price of Freedomp. 295
Part V Troubleshooting Network Snafusp. 297
Chapter 18 Using NT Troubleshooting Utilitiesp. 299
Special Events with Event Viewerp. 299
After the Train Wrecks Comes the Crash Dump!p. 302
Diagnosing Difficulties with Windows NT Diagnosticsp. 304
Plotting Performance with PerfMonp. 306
The four faces of PerfMonp. 307
Of objects and countersp. 308
Windows NT ResKit Utilitiesp. 310
Chapter 19 Nixing Network Problemsp. 313
What Happens When Networks Go Bad?p. 313
What's healthy? Creating a baselinep. 314
Documenting problemsp. 316
30,000-foot viewp. 316
Understand the Symptoms?p. 317
Gradual slowdown of networkp. 317
Nosing about with NetMonp. 318
Double-Checking Network Settingsp. 319
Whoa! "Server Unavailable"p. 320
Suddenly, Slow Networkingp. 321
Board beaconing?p. 321
Hogging the bandwidth with large database or printingp. 322
Congestion on the network due to lots of collisions and errorsp. 323
Disk space on server low?p. 323
Is someone performing network tasks that should be done off hours?p. 324
Can't Get "There" from "Here"p. 324
Beating the Blackout Bluesp. 325
Tracking Down Intermittent Problemsp. 327
Chapter 20 Solving Printing Problemsp. 329
Taking Printer (Print Device) Problems a Step at a Timep. 330
The Many, Many Ways That Printing Can Failp. 331
When clients can't printp. 331
The network is amokp. 334
The print device is the culpritp. 335
You've Gotta Have Driversp. 336
Of Spoolers, Queues, and Logical Printersp. 337
What's in a Name?p. 338
Mixing the Logical and the Physicalp. 339
Logically speakingp. 339
Physically speakingp. 340
Direct Printingp. 340
That Print Job Must Die!p. 341
Chapter 21 Solving Hardware Problemsp. 343
When NT Won't Bootp. 343
Step 1 Repair the startup filesp. 344
Step 2 Restore your Registry backupp. 345
Step 3 Reformat or replace the hard drivep. 346
Step 4 Replace the serverp. 348
Going Verbose During Bootupp. 349
What NTDETECT Can Tell Youp. 351
Check Out the HCL!p. 352
Don't Forget the Event Viewerp. 353
Part VI The Part of Tensp. 355
Chapter 22 The Top Ten NT Server Installation and Configuration Tipsp. 357
Minimum NT Server Requirements and Recommendationsp. 358
The NTHQ Is Not NT's Galactic Headquartersp. 359
Installing from Your Networkp. 360
Let the Software Do the Work: Automating Installationp. 360
When Installation Goes Awryp. 361
When [VGA Mode] Gets the Boot!p. 362
The LKGC Gets the Nodp. 362
Using the Windows NT Startup Disksp. 363
"ERD to Windows NT Server!"p. 363
Now for the Real Work!p. 364
Chapter 23 Ten Ways to Network NT Server -- and Live to Tell the Tale!p. 365
Always Investigate the Obviousp. 365
When NT Must Route Packetsp. 366
Troubleshooting Tools for TCP/IPp. 366
Let Your NICs Take the Knocksp. 367
When to Divide Up Your Networkp. 368
When in Doubt, Check Your Servicesp. 369
Managing Network Names and Addressesp. 369
What's New? What's Changed?p. 370
Ask for Help When You Need Itp. 370
Prevention Always Beats Curep. 371
Chapter 24 Ten Tips and Tricks for Troubleshooting Windows NT Serverp. 373
Common Configuration Confusionsp. 374
CHKDSK and Check DAT!p. 374
Handling File System Errorsp. 375
Fixing Fragmented Filesp. 376
The File System Clean-upp. 377
Victory over Virusesp. 377
Fixing Poor System Performancep. 378
When NT Server Won't Bootp. 379
Viewing the Evidence with Event Viewerp. 379
Using Task Managerp. 380
Indexp. 383
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