Cover image for Kirtland Cutter : architect in the land of promise
Kirtland Cutter : architect in the land of promise
Matthews, Henry.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Seattle : University of Washington Press ; Spokane : Eastern Washington State Historical Society, [1998]

Physical Description:
x, 438 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm
General Note:
"A McLellan book."
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
NA737.C89 M38 1998 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks

On Order



In the early years of the twentieth century, Spokane was singled out for praise in the West for the quality of its architecture and the impressive way it had rebuilt after the devastating fire of 1889. Major credit for the city's distinctive character was extended to Kirtland Kelsey Cutter for his "rare architectural force and genius for design." His remarkable career, stretching from the Gilded Age to the Great Depression, allows a fascinating study of the evolution of an eclectic form of architecture that was an inevitable response to rich regional and historical influences during a time of transition from frontier settlements to modern city.

Cutter's influence was felt beyond Spokane--in Seattle, other areas of Washington, and in Oregon, Idaho, and Montana. He was also responsible for buildings in the East and even for one in England. After financial problems ended his career in the Northwest, he began anew at age sixty-three in southern California, and worked there as an architect until his death in 1939 at age seventy-nine.

Henry Matthews presents a comprehensive study of the whole body of Cutter's work, with ample photographs and illustrations. The book is based on exhaustive research in both the Northwest and California, revealing the influences on Cutter and his associates, the processes at work in the design and construction of the buildings, and the relations between the architect and the many people who commissioned his work. Particularly useful to Matthews's research was a collection of 290 sets of drawings, as well as office accounts, letters, and books from Cutter's library--materials acquired by the Eastern Washington State Historical Society. He also was able to interview former assistants and clients, who provided valuable insights on the architect and the way Cutter worked. In addition, many of the architect's residences, hotels, clubs, and commercial buildings are still standing.

This book adds significantly to an understanding of Western urban and regional history. But Cutter's experimentation in many styles and the imaginative nature of his work make for a study that goes beyond regional limits and sheds light on national trends.

Winner of the 1999 Washington State Book Award

Author Notes


Reviews 1

Choice Review

In this excellent monograph, Matthews describes Cutter's architectural career (1860-1939). It is an intriguing and eclectic career that transcends the boundaries of architecture and enriches our understanding of urban development, regional identity, and the cultural history of the Pacific Northwest. Beginning in the 1890s, Cutter maintained an active practice in Spokane, Washington, but his influence extended beyond the Pacific Northwest. He designed the noteworthy Idaho State Pavilion for the Columbian Exposition of 1893, rustic summer camps in the Adirondacks, Lake McDonald Lodge in Glacier National Park, and a series of handsome Mediterranean style homes in Southern California. Matthews (architecture, Washington State Univ.) has reconstructed Cutter's career based on unpublished archival material and interviews with surviving clients and family. His research is carefully documented in endnotes, an extensive bibliography, and appendixes listing buildings, projects, and office employees. The book is well illustrated and indexed. Because Cutter's career helped to shape urban development, domestic lifestyles, and the growth of tourism in both Washington and Southern California, Kirtland Cutter will appeal to cultural and urban as well as architectural historians. General readers; undergraduates through faculty. D. P. Doordan University of Notre Dame