Cover image for How Congress gets elected
How Congress gets elected
Cook, Rhodes, 1948-
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Washington, D.C. : CQ Press, [2000]

Physical Description:
vii, 134 pages : illustrations, maps ; 28 cm
Added Corporate Author:
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
JK1976 .C595 2000 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks-Oversize

On Order



In this companion guide to How Congress Works, readers get an easy-to-read, solid introduction to how American voters elect their representatives and how the process has changed throughout our country's history.

At the dawn of the new century, only half of those who are eligible to vote actually exercise their franchise in major elections, and even fewer in off years without a presidential contest. In How Congress Gets Elected, the CQ election experts consider the problem as they present a coherent picture of the demographic makeup of Congress, the direction of political parties, campaign financing, reapportionment, and redistricting.

Author Notes

Rhodes Cook was a senior writer for Congressional Quarterly specializing in political and voting analysis from 1975 to 1998.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. vii
Chapter 1 Who Elects Congressp. 3
Broadening the Franchisep. 3
The Black Vote: A Long, Painful Strugglep. 5
Women's Vote: A Victory in Stagesp. 13
The Eighteen-Year-Old Votep. 15
Removing Obstacles to Votingp. 15
Chapter 2 Political Parties and Electionsp. 19
Functions of Partiesp. 19
Party System: Unforeseen Developmentp. 21
Divided Governmentp. 23
Election of Members: Evolving Processp. 26
Chapter 3 Who Gets Electedp. 35
Characteristics of Membersp. 35
Women in Congressp. 37
Blacks in Congressp. 40
Hispanics in Congressp. 43
Turnover in Membershipp. 44
Shifts Between Chambersp. 48
Chapter 4 Campaign Financingp. 49
Controversy Surrounds Financing Systemp. 49
Congressional Candidates' Contributions and Expendituresp. 54
Campaign Finance Issues and Proposalsp. 59
Financing Campaigns: Historical Developmentp. 66
Major Reform Laws Enacted in the 1970sp. 71
Congressional Stalemates on Campaign Reform Proposalsp. 81
Chapter 5 Reapportionment and Redistrictingp. 87
Early History of Reapportionmentp. 88
Reapportionment: The Number of Seatsp. 90
Redistricting: Drawing the Linesp. 96
Reference Materialsp. 109
Political Party Affiliations in Congress and the Presidency, 1789-1999p. 111
Election Results, Congress and the Presidency, 1860-1998p. 113
Incumbents Reelected, Defeated, or Retired, 1946-1999p. 115
Women Members of Congress, 1917-1999p. 116
Black Members of Congress, 1870-1999p. 118
Hispanic Members of Congress, 1877-1999p. 119
Congressional Information on the Internetp. 120
Constitution of the United Statesp. 122
Indexp. 129