Cover image for From slavery to Freetown : Black Loyalists after the American Revolution


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DT516.7 .C57 1999 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks
DT516.7 .C57 1999 Adult Non-Fiction Black History Non-Circ

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An American history book which concentrates on the lives of black loyalists during and after the American Revolution. It follows the stories of ten freed slaves to provide an account of the events leading up to the founding of Freetown in Sierra Leone.

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Library Journal Review

In recent years, the transatlantic and multiethnic experiences of the Afro-Atlantic world have gained the attention of historians. Clifford, an independent scholar living in Williamsburg, VA, here makes an important contribution to their efforts with this account of Virginia and Carolina slaves emancipated by the British during the American Revolution, evacuated to Nova Scotia, and eventually, under the direction of the British, settled as the founders of Freetown, Sierra Leone. Proud, skilled, and deeply religious, these dignified black loyalists struggled against British domination, first in Nova Scotia and then in Sierra Leone, for self-governance, land rights, education, and religious freedom. Although she tells her story in a dull, dry prose, Clifford has uncovered a fascinating and underrepresented aspect of the black diaspora. See also John W. Pulis's Moving On: Black Loyalists in the Afro-Atlantic World (Garland, 1999). Recommended for academic libraries.--Sherri Barnes, Univ. of California Lib., Santa Barbara (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.

Table of Contents

Introductionp. 1
Part I. The War for Independence
1. Mary Perth of Norfolk, Virginiap. 9
2. Moses Wilkinson of Nansemond County, Virginiap. 15
3. David George of Essex County, Virginiap. 19
4. Four Men from Charleston: Boston King, Isaac Anderson, Cato Perkins, and John Kizellp. 23
5. Thomas Peters of Wilmington, North Carolinap. 26
6. Refuge in British New Yorkp. 29
7. Peace Treaty Termsp. 32
8. Evacuation from New Yorkp. 36
Part II. Nova Scotia
9. The Founding of Birchtownp. 43
10. Education Matteredp. 51
11. Black Preachers Offer Hopep. 53
12. Farms for White Loyalistsp. 58
13. Thomas Peters in Annapolis Countyp. 61
Part III. The Province of Freedom
14. Refuge in Londonp. 67
15. The Founding of Granville Townp. 73
16. Thomas Peters Travels to Londonp. 80
17. An Emissary from the Sierra Leone Companyp. 84
18. Bonds Forged in Nova Scotia Congregationsp. 90
19. Still Searching for Freedom and Securityp. 97
Part IV. Freetown
20. Plans to Govern Freetownp. 105
21. To the Cotton Treep. 109
22. An Erratic Beginningp. 112
23. Continuing Confusionp. 118
24. Ill Will Between John Clarkson and Thomas Petersp. 124
25. Baptists and Methodists Follow Different Pathsp. 130
26. The Calypso Passengers Interruptp. 140
27. New Company Officialsp. 143
28. Land Grants at Lastp. 145
29. Angry Settlers Choose Emissaries to the Sierra Leone Company Directorsp. 152
30. Two Governors: Richard Dawes and Zachary Macaulayp. 158
31. A Chosen Peoplep. 166
32. The Outside World Intrudesp. 170
33. Mary Perth as Housekeeperp. 176
34. Quarrels Over Religionp. 178
35. Growing Prosperityp. 183
36. Insurrection and Defeatp. 189
37. Transitionp. 197
38. The Crown Replaces the Sierra Leone Companyp. 204
39. Farewell, Cotton Treep. 211
Epiloguep. 214
Appendix Roster of Prominent Emigrants to Freetownp. 217
Notesp. 223
Bibliographyp. 239
Indexp. 243