Cover image for Infant baptism and the covenant of grace : an appraisal of the argument that as infants were once circumcised, so they shoud now be baptized
Infant baptism and the covenant of grace : an appraisal of the argument that as infants were once circumcised, so they shoud now be baptized
Jewett, Paul King.
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Publication Information:
Grand Rapids : Eerdmans, [1978]

Physical Description:
x, 254 pages ; 21 cm
General Note:
Includes index.
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BV813.2 .J44 Adult Mass Market Paperback Central Closed Stacks

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Author Notes

Paul King Jewett, Professor of Systematic Theology at Fuller Theological Seminary, also serves as Dean of the Young Life Summer Institute of Theology.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. 1
Abstract of the Argumentp. 7
Part 1 A Consideration Of The Historical Question
I. Infant Baptism And The Practice Of The Ancient Church
A. Introductionp. 13
B. Infant Baptism in the Western Church
1. Augustine, A.D. 400p. 16
2. Cyprian, A.D. 251-253p. 18
3. Tertullian, A.D. 200-206p. 20
4. Hippolytus, A.D. 215-217p. 22
5. Irenaeus, A.D. 180p. 25
6. Aristides, A.D. 117-138p. 27
C. Infant Baptism in the Eastern Church
1. Introductionp. 29
2. Origen, A.D. 233-244p. 30
3. Clement, A.D. 195p. 32
D. Children in the Ancient Churchp. 35
E. Conclusion
1. Introductionp. 39
2. Infant Communionp. 41
3. The Catechumenate and Sponsorshipp. 43
II. Infant Baptism And The Practice Of The Apostles
A. Household Baptismsp. 47
B. Children in the New Testament Churchp. 54
C. Jesus Blesses Little Children
1. Introductionp. 55
2. The Contemporary Discussionp. 56
3. Conclusionp. 59
D. The Baptism of Jewish Proselytesp. 63
III. Concluding Observations On The Historical Questionp. 69
Part 2 A Consideration Of The Theological Question
I. Infant Baptism And The Covenant Of Grace
A. Introductionp. 75
B. The Reformed Traditionp. 77
C. The Covenant Argument Elaborated
1. Introductionp. 82
2. The Analogy of Baptism to Circumcisionp. 85
D. A Critical Evaluation of the Argument from the Covenant
1. Introductionp. 89
2. The Old Testament Read as though It Were the New
a. Introductionp. 93
b. The Institution of Circumcision as a Covenant Signp. 98
c. The Circumcision of Ishmael and the Sons of Keturahp. 99
d. The Circumcision of Israel as a Nationp. 101
e. The Old Testament Jewish Missionp. 103
3. The New Testament Read as though It Were the Old
a. Introductionp. 104
b. The Old Testament Promise of a Land, the Theocratic Ideal of the Reformers, and Kierkegaard's "Christendom"p. 105
c. The Old Testament Promise of a Fleshly Seed and the Paedobaptist Concept of "Covenant Children"p. 113
d. I Corinthians 7:14: "Holy" Childrenp. 122
II. Infant Baptism And The Definition Of Baptism
A. Introductionp. 139
B. Lutheranism and the Pietists; Anglicanism and the Wesleyansp. 143
C. The Reformed Tradition
1. Introductionp. 144
2. The Position of Calvinp. 145
3. Covenant Children Presumed Regeneratep. 147
4. Covenant Children Given a Conditional Promisep. 150
5. Covenant Children and Parental Faithfulnessp. 152
6. Covenant Children Presumed Electp. 155
7. Conclusionp. 158
D. The Relation of Faith to Baptism and the Practice of Infant Baptism
1. Introductionp. 160
2. The Paedobaptist View of Infant Faith (fides infantilis)p. 165
3. Infants Made an Exception to the New Testament "Faith-Baptism" Sequencep. 172
4. The Paedobaptist View of Vicarious Faith (fides vicaria)
a. Introductionp. 176
b. The Lutheran and Anglican Churchesp. 179
c. The Presbyterian and Reformed Churchesp. 181
E. Confirmation: The Completion of Infant Baptism
1. The Lutheran and Anglican Traditionsp. 185
2. The Reformed Traditionp. 189
III. Infant Baptism And Believer Communion
A. Introductionp. 193
B. Paedobaptists Contrast the Sacramentsp. 194
C. The Basic Similarity between Passover and Eucharistp. 201
IV. Addendum: Strictures Upon Certain Aspects Of The Paedobaptist Argumentp. 209
Part 3 Believer Baptism Defended And Expounded In Terms Of Covenant Theology
I. Objections To Believer Baptism Considered
A. Biblical and Unbiblical Individualismp. 219
B. Biblical and Unbiblical Subjectivismp. 226
C. On the Restricting of Covenant Privilegep. 228
II. Covenant Theology Implies Believer Baptism
A. Introductionp. 233
B. Theological Statement of the Positionp. 235
C. Considerations Commending the Positionp. 238
Bibliographyp. 245
Indexp. 251