Cover image for The Oxford guide to United States Supreme Court decisions
Title:
The Oxford guide to United States Supreme Court decisions
Author:
Hall, Kermit L., 1944-2006.
Publication Information:
New York : Oxford University Press, 1999.
Physical Description:
xvii, 428 pages ; 25 cm
Language:
English
Contents:
United States Supreme Court decisions -- Glossary of terms -- The constitution of the United States -- Nominations and succession of the justices -- Supreme court nominations, 1789-1998 -- Appointments, by presidential term -- Chronology of the justices' succession -- Succession of the justices.
ISBN:
9780195118834
Format :
Book

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Central Library KF4548 .O97 1999 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area
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Dudley Branch Library KF4548 .O97 1999 Adult Non-Fiction Reference material
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Eggertsville-Snyder Library KF4548 .O97 1999 Adult Non-Fiction Reference material
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Grand Island Library KF4548 .O97 1999 Adult Non-Fiction Open Shelf
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Orchard Park Library KF4548 .O97 1999 Adult Non-Fiction Reference material
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Audubon Library KF4548 .O97 1999 Adult Non-Fiction Reference material
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Summary

Summary

The Supreme Court has been the site of the great debates of American history, from child labor and prayer in the schools, to busing and abortion. The Oxford Guide to United States Supreme Court Decisions offers lively and insightful accounts of over four hundred of the most important casesever argued before the Court, from Marbury v. Madison and Scott v. Sandford (the Dred Scott decision) to Brown v. Board of Education and Roe v. Wade. Here are the landmark decisions that have shaped American life, described by some of our most eminent legal scholars. Arranged alphabetically, each entry provides the United States Reports citation, the date the case was argued and decided, the vote of the Justices, who wrote the opinion forthe Court, who concurred, and who dissented. More importantly, the entries feature an informative account of the particulars of the case, the legal and social background, the reasoning behind the Court's decision, and the case's impact on American society. Kermit Hall has drawn the materialprimarily from the acclaimed Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court, revising and updating entries where necessary, and he has written 47 new entries covering recent notable cases, including Clinton v. Jones, Reno v. Shaw, Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey, and TurnerBroadcasting System, Inc. v. FCC. The Guide also features a case index (including all cases mentioned anywhere in the text), a topical index, the Constitution of the United States, an appendix on the Justices, and a legal glossary. For anyone interested in the great controversies of our time, this invaluable book is a must read--a primer on the epic constitutional battles that have informed American life.


Author Notes

Kermit L. Hall is Dean of the College of Humanities and Executive Dean of the Colleges of the Arts and Sciences, as well as a Professor of History and Law, at The Ohio State University. An expert in American constitutional and legal history, he is the Editor-in-Chief of The Oxford Companion tothe Supreme Court of the United States, which won awards from the American Bar Association, the New York Public Library, and the American Library Association, and of the forthcoming Oxford Companion to American Law. He lives in Columbus, Ohio.


Reviews 2

Booklist Review

Reference librarians are all too familiar with the plaint, "Do I have to read the whole thing?" voiced by patrons who do not want to labor through a long U.S. Supreme Court decision or who want some analysis of the decision but do not want to read an entire law review article. For more than 400 of the Court's most significant cases, this guide may meet such patrons' needs. Each case entry typically provides background information on the case, explains the Court's decision, explores any disagreement among the justices about the legal doctrines and societal values at stake, and offers insight into the impact the decision has had on society and on the development of the common law. Entries are arranged alphabetically and include the United States Reports citation (if this citation was not available at the time of publication, the Supreme Court Reporter citation is given), the full dates the case was argued and decided, the vote, and the authors of all opinions filed in the case. A glossary of terms, a copy of the U.S. Constitution, several appendixes charting the nominations and succession of Supreme Court justices, a case index, and a topical index complete the volume. The typeface and size of the book are user-friendly and the price is right for all libraries. However, most of the content is drawn from The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States [RBB D 1 92]. There are new entries for 47 recent cases, including some from 1998, like Clinton v. Jones. Some of the other entries have been updated to reflect changes that have occurred in the last seven years, but this seems rather spotty. The entry for Roe v. Wade has been updated to discuss the impact of the Court's 1992 decision in Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey and its 1994 ruling in National Organization of Women v. Scheidler, but entries for Bowers v. Hardwick and Lemon v. Kurtzman have not been revised, despite important Court rulings in the areas of law addressed by these cases. Not even cross-references to the entries for the newer related cases are given. With this caveat, the inexpensive price of this book and its clearly written essays recommend it to most libraries, even those that already have the Companion.


Library Journal Review

Ohio State dean and history/law professor Hall has assembled a stellar panel of experts to distill the essence of 440 key Supreme Court decisions. The cases are discussed in alphabetical order, with each ruling placed in its historical context. The true value of the book is that the contributors take a case like Brown v. Board of Education and provide a nontechnical, well-written explanation of its significance‘and manage to do so in three pages of text. In the case of Brown, the contributor, a University of Chicago law professor, provides fascinating details such as citations from Chief Justice Earl Warren's memoirs on how the decisions were written. In some cases, additional references are cited for further research. The book includes a case index, a topical index, the Constitution of the United States, an appendix listing the Justices, and a glossary of legal terms. An impressive accomplishment, this guide will be invaluable to all students of United States history and will also appeal to sophisticated readers. For all public libraries.‘Harry Charles, Attorney at Law, St. Louis (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.


Table of Contents

Introduction
Directory of Contributors
United States Supreme Court Decisions
Glossary of Terms
Appendix 1 The Constitution of the United States
Appendix 2 Nominations and Succession of the Justices
Supreme Court Nominations
Appointments, by Presidential Term
Chronology of the Justices' Succession
Succession of the Justices
Case Index
Topical Index

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