Cover image for Learning and individual differences : process, trait, and content determinants
Learning and individual differences : process, trait, and content determinants
Ackerman, Phillip Lawrence, 1957-
Publication Information:
Washington, DC : American Psychological Association, [1999]

Physical Description:
xxii, 482 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Central Library BF318 .L3853 1999 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks

On Order



Researchers from the United States and seven other countries present research and theory concerning the topic of learning and individual differences. Developments in several areas (cognitive, experimental, instructional, quantitative methodology, differential) provide important tools for understanding both the characteristics of the learner and the characteristics of the learning situation. Specific contributions include theoretical approaches (the Brunswik-symmetry, neurophysiological, personality-ability integration), methodological approaches (profile analysis, speed-accuracy tradeoff, modelling of learning), process approaches (general intelligence, personality, motivation, sensory abilities), and content approaches (heuristic, reasoning, expertise, knowledge structures). Edited open discussions that end each chapter provide an interchange of ideas and criticism - which shows where paradigms collide and cross-fertilization of methods and perspectives can occur.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors
Conference Participants
I. General Background and Perspectives
1. Intelligence and Human Resources: Past, Present, and FutureEarl Hunt
2. Individual Differences in Learning and Memory: Psychometrics and the Single CaseAlan Baddeley and Susan Gathercole
3. Minding Our p's and q's: On Finding Relationships Between Learning and IntelligenceDavid F. Lohman
4. Investigating the Paths Between working Memory, Intelligence, Knowledge, and Complex Problem-Solving Performances via Brunswik SymmetryWerner W. Wittmann and Heinz-Martin
II. Processes
5. Intelligence and Visual and Auditory Information ProcessingIan J. Deary
6. Individual Differences in Priming: The Roles of Implicit Facilitation From Prior ProcessingDan J. Woltz
7. Learning, Automaticity, and Attention: An Individual-Differences ApproachEdward Necka
III. Methodological Strategies
8. The Structure of Ability Profile Patterns: A Multidimensional Scaling Perspective on the Structure of IntellectMark L. Davison and Haijiang Kuang and Se-Kang Kim
9. Investigating Theoretical Propositions Regarding Mental Abilities: Their Structure, Growth, and InfluenceKeith F. Widaman
10. Exploiting the Speed-Accuracy Trade-OffDavid E. Wright and Ian Dennis
IV. Traits
11. Personality and Skill: A Cognitive-Adaptive FrameworkGerald Matthews
12. Measuring and Understanding G: Experimental and Correlational ApproachesJan-Eric Gustafsson
13. Individual Differences in Motivation: Traits and Self-Regulatory SkillsRuth Kanfer and Eric D. Heggestad
14. Mining on the "No Man's Land" Between Intelligence and PersonalityLazar Stankov
15. Sensory Processes Within the Structure of Human Cognitive AbilitiesRichard D. Roberts and Gerry Pallier and Ginger Nelson Goff
V. Content
16. Searching for Determinants of Performance in Complex DomainsRichard K. Wagner
17. Individual Differences in Reasoning and the Heuristics and Biases DebateKeith E. Stanovich and Richard F. West
18. Learner Profiles: Valuing Individual Differences Within Classroom CommunitiesPatricia A. Alexander and P. Karen Murphy
19. Traits and Knowledge as Determinants of Learning and Individual Differences: Putting It All TogetherPhillip L. Ackerman
Author Index
Subject Index
About the Editors

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