Cover image for From the Polish underground : selections from Krytyka, 1978-1993
From the Polish underground : selections from Krytyka, 1978-1993
Bernhard, Michael H.
Publication Information:
University Park, Pa. : Pennsylvania State University, [1995]

Physical Description:
xxxiii, 458 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Reading Level:
1370 Lexile.
Added Uniform Title:

Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
DK4436 .F75 1995 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks

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Since it first appeared in 1978, the Polish quarterly Krytyka (Critique) has been a showcase for some of the best writing on politics, sociology, cultural criticism, economics, and history from Poland. Founded by a group of oppositional activists that included Adam Michnik and Jacek Kuron, the journal began as an underground outlet for critical political thinking in the period prior to Solidarity. It survived the communist crackdown on Solidarity in 1981 to become the leading source of democratic thought in the new Poland. Today Krytyka is published ''above ground'' and continues to be the most consistent voice for a modern, democratic, and open Poland.

The twenty articles in this volume were chosen by Michael Bernhard, Henryk Szlajfer, and Jan Kofman, the present editor-in-chief of Krytyka. Covering the underground and post-underground years, they introduce the reader to the full range of topics and political views presented by the journal. Taken together these articles provide an excellent overview of the last fifteen turbulent years of Polish history.

Contributors are Marek Beylin, Ryszard Bugaj, Anna Bojarska, Krzysztof Jasiewicz, Stanisław Krajewski, Marcin Kula, Jacek Kuroń, Joanna Kurczewska, Adam Michnik, Edmund Mokrzycki, Piotr Ogrodzińki, Jerzy Osiatyński, Jerzy Surdykowski, Andrzej Werner, Włodzimierz Wesołowski, Jan Winiecki, Krzysztof Wolicki, and Józef Życiński.

Author Notes

Michael Bernhard is Professor of Political Science at Penn State University. He is the author of The Origins of Democratization in Poland: Workers, Intellectuals, and Oppositional Politics, 1976-1980 (1993) and co-translator of The Establishment of Communist Rule in Poland, 1943-1948 (1991).

Henryk Szlajfer is an economist and sociologist and a researcher at the Institute of Political Studies of the Polish Academy of Sciences. The author of a number of books and articles on comparative economic history, he is a professor at the G. C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies in Germany.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xi
Introductionp. xv
1 Under the Military Dictatorship: Between "Freeze Frame" and "Restoration"p. 1
2 About the Futurep. 69
3 Language and Pluralismp. 93
4 Driving with the Brakes Onp. 101
5 Stealing Away in the Dead of Nightp. 111
Section II Sociologyp. 123
6 The Transition from Authoritarianism to Democracy: the Case of Polandp. 125
7 The Polish Voter -- Ten Years After August 1980p. 143
8 The Polish Intelligentsia: Departure from the Scenep. 169
9 The Social Limits of Economic Reform in Eastern Europep. 181
Section III Culturep. 191
10 According to Mackiewiczp. 193
11 At an Unbearable Crossroadsp. 207
12 The Autumn of the Ideologuesp. 221
13 Three Fundamentalismsp. 231
Section IV Economicsp. 237
14 Sources of Opposition to Market Reforms in Centrally Planned Economiesp. 239
15 Civil Society and the Market Under Real Socialismp. 259
16 Toward a Market Economy -- Two Positionsp. 279
Section V Historyp. 287
17 In Every Situation I Look for a Way Outp. 289
18 On Niewiadomskip. 333
19 Jews and Communismp. 353
Glossaryp. 395
About the Authorsp. 439
Indexp. 443