Cover image for Understanding AIDS : advances in research and treatment
Title:
Understanding AIDS : advances in research and treatment
Author:
Kalichman, Seth C.
Personal Author:
Edition:
Second edition.
Publication Information:
Washington, DC : America Psychological Association, [1998]

©1998
Physical Description:
xviii, 509 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Language:
English
Contents:
Virology, epidemiology, and clinical manifestations -- The HIV-AIDS pandemic -- Clinical course and manifestations -- Medical treatments -- Psychological, neuropsychological, and social sequelae -- Sexual, psychological, and social adjustment -- Counseling and psychotherapy.
ISBN:
9781557985293

9781557985309
Format :
Book

Available:*

Library
Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Status
Central Library RC607.A26 K356 1998 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks
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Summary

Summary

This volume, first released in 1996, was written to provide mental health professionals with a single source of information on the medical, social and psychological aspects of HIV-AIDS. It remains the only authored book concerning the psychology of AIDS that is thoroughly grounded in the empirical literature. With this extensively revised second edition, author Seth C. Kalichman explains the many significant advances in research on how the virus works and on immune responses to HIV, and he discusses the revolutionary treatments for HIV infection that have increased both life-span and quality of life for increasingly large numbers of patients living with HIV-positive and AIDS diagnoses. Kalichman also focuses impressive attention on new insights regarding psychological reactions to HIV-AIDS, coping and adjusting, and psychological treatments as well as slowly growing literature on women, children and minorities with AIDS and on sexual adjustment after diagnosis.


Table of Contents

Foreword to the Second Edition
Foreword to the First Edition
Acknowledgments
Introduction
Part 1 Virology, Epidemiology, and Clinical Manifestations
1. The HIV-AIDS Pandemic
Discovery of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus
Viral Cycle of HIV
HIV and the Immune System
Routes of HIV Transmission
Patterns of the Epidemic
Characteristics of Highly Affected Subpopulations
Global Patterns of AIDS
AIDS and Poverty
Conclusion
2. Clinical Course and Manifestations
HIV Testing
Primary HIV Infection
Asymptomatic HIV Infection
Factors Associated With HIV Progression to AIDS
Later Stage HIV Infection
Nonprogressive HIV
AIDS Diagnosis
Reversals of AIDS Diagnoses
Pediatric AIDS
Conclusion
3. Medical Treatments
Antiretroviral Therapies
Drug Resistance and Toxicity
Delaying Treatment
Anti-HIV Drugs and Prevention
Standards of Care for Antiretroviral Therapy
Anti-HIV Treatments on the Horizon
Prophylaxis and Treatments for Opportunistic Illnesses
AIDS Clinical Trials
Complementary Treatments
Treatment Adherence
Conclusion
Part 2 Psychological, Neuropsychological, and Social Sequelae
4. Psychological Sequelae
The Stress Context of HIV-AIDS
Receiving a Positive HIV Test Result
HIV-Related Stressors
HIV Disease Trajectory
Emotional Reactions at Each Phase of HIV Infection
Emotional Distress
Quality of Life
Emotional Distress and Health
Conclusion
5. Neuropsychological Sequelae
Diagnosis and Classification
HIV-Encephalopathy
HIV-Related Disease of the Nervous Systems
Differentiating Neuropathology From Other Conditions
Neuropsychological Manifestations
Early HIV Infection
Asymptomatic HIV Infection
Late HIV Infection and AIDS
Opportunistic Illnesses of the Central Nervous System
Neuropsychological Assessment
Functional Deficits
Conclusion
6. Social Sequelae
Sources of HIV-Related Stigmatization
Effects of HIV-Related Social Stigmatization
Discrimination
Stigmatization by Medical Professionals
Stigmatization by Mental Health Professionals
Disclosure
Conclusion
Part 3 Sexual, Psychological, and Social Adjustment
7. Sexual Adjustment
HIV and Sexuality
Sexual Behavior
Sexual Adjustment Counseling
Conclusion
8. Coping, Adjustment, and Social Support
Meaning, Control, and Self-Esteem
Problem-Focused Coping
Emotion-Focused Coping
Optimism and Spirituality
Enhancing Coping Capacities
Social Support
Conclusion
9. Counseling and Psychotherapy
Assessment and Treatment Planning
Social Support Interventions
Volunteering
Palliative Care and Hospice
Psychotherapy
Themes in Psychotherapy
Ethical Issues
Conclusion
References
Appendix A Summary of U.S. Epidemiology
Appendix B Glossary
Appendix C Resource Guide
Author Index
Subject Index
About the Author

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